Pro-Slavery Quotes

Pro-Slavery Quotes

A collection of many of the best pro-slavery quotes.

“With thinking men, the question can never arise,
who ought to be free? Because no one ought to be
free. All government is slavery. The proper subject
of investigation for philosophers and philanthropists
is, “Is the existing mode of government adapted
to the wants of its subjects?”
– George Fitzhugh

“Men are not “born entitled to equal rights!”
It would be far nearer the truth to say, “that
some were born with saddles on their backs, and
others booted and spurred to ride them,”-and
the riding does them good. They need the reins,
the bit and the spur. No two men by nature are
exactly equal or exactly alike. No institutions
can prevent the few from acquiring rule
and ascendency over the many.”
– George Fitzhugh

“That some should rule and others be ruled is a
thing not only necessary, but expedient; from
the hour of their birth, some are marked
out for subjection, others for rule.”
– Aristotle

“Slavery is the natural social order. Freedom is an
artificial state. It is a fight against nature, nor does
emancipation by law abolish slavery, the masses
are always seeking a master. The rule of the few
is the rule of the capable it is the survival of the
fittest-nature’s great law of elevation of species.
The rule of the majority upturns the natural order
it puts the bottom on top. Of all rules it is the most
unnatural, irrational, incapable and degrading.
That it does not utterly destroy is because it
is overruled by the universal law, that the
masses are always led by the few.”
– Unknown

“It is the duty of society to protect the weak;”
but protection cannot be efficient without the
power of control; therefore, “It is the duty of
society to enslave the weak.”
– George Fitzhugh

“When the day breaks, the time has arrived for youth to go
to their schoolmasters. Now neither sheep nor any other
animals can live without a shepherd, nor can children be
left without tutors, or slaves without masters.”
– Plato

“The great object of government is to restrict, control
and punish man “in the pursuit of happiness.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Barbarity is not humanity, but its opposite, and the right of
the one to control the other is supported by law, founded
upon the immutable principles of justice.”
– T.W. Hoit

“It is, we believe, conceded on all hands, that men are not born
physically, morally or intellectually equal, some are males, some
females, some from birth, large, strong and healthy, others weak,
small and sickly some are naturally amiable, others prone to all
kinds of wickednesses some brave, others timid. Their natural
inequalities beget inequalities of rights. The weak in mind or
body require guidance, support and protection; they must
obey and work for those who protect and guide them they
have a natural right to guardians, committees, teachers
or masters. Nature has made them slaves.”
– George Fitzhugh

“No governing class more capable than the slave-holders
ever sprang up in a Democracy. They who believe that
aristocracy is an elevating social and political relation;
that one great man does more to lift up the race than any
number of mediocrities; that the science of government is
great and demands high Intelligence, which only the few
can have; that Democracy is a leveling down, found slavery
a potent foundation for an aristocracy.”
– Unknown

“No humane institution, in my opinion, is more manifestly
consistent with the will of God than domestic slavery. If
we look into the elements of which all political communities
are composed, it will be found that servitude in some form,
is one of the essential constituents in the very nature of
things, there must be classes of persons to discharge all the
different offices of society, from the highest to the lowest.”
– George M’Duffie

“The ancient republics were governed by a small class of adult
male citizens, who assumed and exercised the government,
without the consent of the governed. The South is governed
just as those ancient republics were. In the county in which
we live, there are eighteen thousand souls, and only twelve
hundred voters. But we twelve hundred, the governors,
never asked and never intend to ask the consent of the
sixteen thousand eight hundred whom we govern.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The rule of the inferior is always hurtful. The same holds
good of animals in relation to men; for tame animals have a
better nature than wild, and all tame animals are better off
when they are ruled by man; for then they are preserved.
Again, the male is by nature superior, and the female
inferior; and the one rules, and the other is ruled; this
principle, of necessity, extends to all mankind.”
– Aristotle

“It is most in accordance with natural law that
the lowest should be the slave of the highest type
of Mankind. The inferior, nature has stamped on
form and feature, and on the pages of the Bible is
inscribed, for him, the decree of eternal servitude.”
– Unknown, 1872

“The Anglo-Saxon race glories in owning men, and it makes but little
difference whether the men are their dependents or their slaves; the
glory is all the same if they have got them in their power. Wealthy
corporations, railroad kings, princely planters, have dominion over
their employees and they control them at their pleasure. It is not
a dominion in law, but it is almost absolute in fact, and there is
nothing wrong about it when it is humanely exercised.”
– Bill Arp aka Charles Henry Smith

“Life and liberty” are not “inalienable;” they have been
sold in all countries, and in all ages, and must be sold
so long as human nature lasts. It is an inexpedient and
unwise, and often unmerciful restraint, ona man’s liberty
of action, to deny him the right to sell himself when
starving, and again to buy himself when fortune smiles.
Most countries of antiquity, and some, like China at
the present day, allowed such sale and purchase. The
great object of government is to restrict, control
and punish man “in the pursuit of happiness.” All
crimes are committed in its pursuit. Under the free
or competitive system, most men’s happiness consists
in destroying the happiness of other people.
This, then, is no inalienable right.”
– George Fitzhugh

“We recognize the negro as God and God’s Book and God’s
Laws, in nature, tell us to recognize him – our inferior, fitted
expressly for servitude. You cannot transform the negro
into anything one-tenth as useful or as good as what
slavery enables them to be.”
– Jefferson Davis

“Human experience shows the universal success of slave
society, and the universal failure of free society. The little
experiment of free society in Western Europe has been,
from the beginning, a cruel failure, and symptoms of
failure are abundant in our North. Free society, in the
long run, is an impracticable form of society; it is every
where starving, demoralized, and insurrectionary.”
– Unknown

“We do not agree with the authors of the Declaration
of Independence, that governments “derive their just
powers from the consent of the governed.” The women,
the children, the negroes, and but few of the non-property
holders were consulted, or consented to the Revolution, or
the governments that ensued from its success. As to these,
the new governments were self-elected despotisms, and the
governing class self-elected despots. Those governments
originated in force, and have been continued by force. All
governments must originate in force, and be continued by
force. The very term, government, implies that it is carried
on against the consent of the governed.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Fathers do not derive their authority, as heads of families,
from the consent of wife and children, nor do they govern
their families by their consent. They never take the vote of
the family as to the labors to be performed, the moneys
to be expended, or as to anything else. Masters dare
not take the vote of slaves, as to their government.
If they did, constant holiday, dissipation and
extravagance would be the result.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The child is imperfect, and therefore obviously his virtue
is not relative to himself alone, but to the perfect man
and to his teacher, and in like manner the virtue
of the slave is relative to a master.”
– Aristotle

“By what process of reasoning, then, can slavery be
shown to be just? I answer, because right holds a just
and hereditary control over wrong. I answer, that it
is right that barbarism should subserve civilization.
I assert that barbarism is wrong, and civilization is
right; that the former conduces to the misery
and the latter to the happiness of mankind.”
– T.W. Hoit

“The mass of mankind cannot be governed by Law. More
of despotic discretion, and less of Law, is what the world
wants. We take our leave by saying, “There is too much
of law and too little of government in this world.”
– George Fitzhugh

“It is the duty of society to protect all its members, and it can only
do so by subjecting each to that degree of government constraint or
slavery, which will best advance the good of each and of the whole.
Thus, ambition, or the love of power, properly directed, becomes
the noblest of virtues, because power alone can enable us to be
safely benevolent to the weak, poor, or, criminal.”
– George Fitzhugh

“If free society be universal, immoral, and unchristian
it must fall, and give away to slave society a social
system old as the world, universal as man.”
– Unknown

“Slavery protects the infants, the aged and the sick; nay, takes far
better care of them than of the healthy, the middle-aged and the
strong. They are part of the family, and self-interest and domestic
affection combine to shelter, shield and foster them. A man loves
not only his horses and his cattle, which are useful to him, but he
loves his dog, which is of no use. He loves them because they are
his. What a wise and beneficent provision of Heaven, that makes
the selfishness of man’s nature a protecting agis to shield and
defend wife and children, slaves and even dumb animals.”
– George Fitzhugh

“If slavery be a sin, it is not yours. It does not rest
on your action for its origin, on your consent for its
existence. It is a common law right to property in
the service of man; its origin was Divine decree.”
– Jefferson Davis

“Does slavery violate the Higher Law? Certainly not,
if that Higher Law is to be found only in the Bible.
Certainly not, if you throw aside the Bible, and
infer what is right, proper, and natural, from the
course of nature, the lessons of history, or the
voice of experience. But consult the same sources
for your Higher Law, and as certainly is free
society a violation of the laws of Nature
and the revealed will of God.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The Bible is a pro-slavery Bible, and God is a pro-slavery
God, notwithstanding all you say to the contrary. We judge
for ourselves it is our duty to do so we are responsible to
God for the opinions we thus form, and before high heaven
we are solemnly and conscientiously convinced that slavery
is of Him, and therefore right. If right, it is not doomed;
for if God be for us, who can be against us? Its battles
are God’s, its victories will be His.”
– Ebenezer Warren

“Liberty is an evil which government is intended
to correct. This is the sole object of government.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The state is made up of households, before speaking of the
state we must speak of the management of the household.
The parts of household management correspond to the
persons who compose the household, and a complete
household consists of slaves and freemen. Now we
should begin by examining everything in its fewest
possible elements; and the first and fewest possible
parts of a family are master and slave, husband
and wife, father and children.”
– Aristotle

“The sentimental world is run mad about slavery, yet the
world never was, and never will be, free from its existence.”
– Unknown, 1872

“Captains of ships are not appointed by the consent of the
crew, and never take their vote, even in “doubling Cape Horn.”
If they did, the crew would generally vote to get drunk, and
the ship would never weather the cape. Not even in the most
democratic countries are soldiers governed by their consent,
nor is their vote taken on the eve of battle. They have
some how lost (or never had) the “inalienable rights
of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”
– George Fitzhugh

“In all social systems there must be a class to do
the menial duties, to perform the drudgery of life.
That is, a class requiring but a low order of intellect
and but little skill. Its requisites are vigor, docility,
fidelity.Such a class you must have, or you would
not have that other class which leads progress,
civilization, and refinement.”
– James Henry Hammond

“For that which can foresee by the exercise of mind
is by nature intended to be lord and master, and that
which can with its body give effect to such foresight
is a subject, and by nature a slave; hence master
and slave have the same interest.”
– Aristotle

“It is not, as some would counsel, the tearing up of
the whole system of slavery, as it were, by the roots,
that will make the bondman free. The life-blood of
the Union might flow in such a struggle, but the
black man would still be, in our land, a servant.”
– Sarah Hale

“Nature, though our greatest friend, is, at the same time, our
greatest oppressor; for she keeps us in a constant struggle for
life. We must be fed, and clothed, and sheltered, and, to be
happy, must have many other wants supplied. To secure
these we retreat into society, throw off native rights, and
continue our retreat until we find the point at which our
wants are best supplied. When we have done this, then
have we found the true measure of our civil liberty.”
– David Quinn, 1866

“Domestic slavery contributes to form and preserve the
chivalrous and high-minded character of our people, and
gives to the African race, domesticated among us,
Christianity, civilization, and peace.”
– Unknown

“Slavery is an established and inevitable condition to human
society. I will maintain the ground that God always intended
the relation of master and slave to exist; that Christ and
the early teachers of Christianity, found slavery differing
in no material respect from American slavery, incorporated
into every department of society, that slavery having
existed ever since the first organization of society,
it will exist to the end of time.”
– Gov. William Brownolow

“There never was and never can be an old society, in which
the immediate interests of a majority of human souls do not
conflict with all established order, all right of property, and all
existing institutions. Immediate interest is all the mass look to;
and they would be sure to revolutionize government, as often
as the situation of the majority was worse than that of the
minority. Divide all property today, and a year hence the
inequalities of property would provoke a re-division.”
– George Fitzhugh

“It is as much the duty of government to take away liberty from
those who abuse it, as to confer it on those who use it properly.”
– George Fitzhugh

“To say that slavery is the natural order. is the same as
to say that it is the divine order. Slavery is eminently
scriptural. When the old world had been washed out by
the flood, because it had gone to the bad, and only one
family was saved for seed, and all was ready to begin
right, Noah founded slavery by an inverted Messing on the
posterity of one of his three sons. This started the new
world on the right foundation. The blessings and curses
of the patriarchs were inspired judgments
and they stood for all time.”
– Unknown

“God as he is infinitely wise, just and holy never
could authorize the practice of moral evil. But God
has authorized the practice of slavery, not only
by bare permission of his providence, but by the
express permission of his word.”
– Samuel Dunwoody

“The master is only the master of the slave; he does not belong
to him, whereas the slave is not only the slave of his master,
but wholly belongs to him. Hence we see what is the nature
and office of a slave; he who is by nature not his own
but another’s man, is by nature a slave.”
– Aristotle

“Free society and slave society, so opposite in their characters,
cannot both be natural and rightful. To defend slavery, we must
assail and convict universal liberty; any other mode of defence
is absurd, and tacitly admits slavery to be wrong,
by admitting that free society is right.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The African slave trade was the best part of slavery. It
brought the heathen here and saved their souls. “What
shall a man give in exchange for his soul?” The Africans
got the best end of the bargain. They were Christianized,
and their souls were saved in exchange for their labor
and increase. Yet it was profitable to the godliness of
the masters, and the African slave trade was the only
truly successful foreign missionary enterprise
that was ever undertaken.”
– Unknown

“The conscience of civilization is the tribunal at which
to try barbarism, as well as every other grade of inferior
subjective existence. It stands above and controls all below
it. The conscience of civilization decides both the right to
summon the barbarian, and to hold him subject to its
dictates; to weigh the benefits to civilization against
the evils resulting from the adoption of the element
of this super-animal force as an aid to civilization.
Civilization deciding to take and hold the barbarian,
it becomes right by the decision of the highest arbiter.”
– T.W. Hoit

“The great evil of Northern Society is, that it is burdened
with a servile class of mechanics and laborers, unfit for
self-government, and yet clothed with the attributes and
powers of citizens. Master and slave is a relation in
society as necessary as that of parent and child, and
the Northern States will yet have to introduce it. The
theory of free government is a delusion. Slavery is
the natural and normal condition of the laboring
man, white or black.”
– Unknown

“The condition of Southern negroes has been vastly improved
by slavery; I also assert, without fear of successful contradiction,
that slavery, only, could have worked that improvement, and that
the preservation of the relation of master and slave is essential to
the continued improvement and future welfare of the negro race
of the South. I assert that “American Slavery” is a blessing; a
blessing to the master, a blessing to the non-slave-holders of
the South, a blessing to the civilized white race in general,
and a blessing to the negro slaves in particular.”
– Gov. William Brownolow

“Slavery has been the school for the savage and the degraded
in all ages, where they have learned the wisdom, the principles,
the rules furnished by experience and the discipline of older
and better taught peoples. In that school the Jews learned of
the Egyptians that which enabled them to enlighten the world.
In that school our Saxon ancestores learned
the wisdom of the Norman conquerors.”
– H.M. Doak

“Frame laws as you will, the white race, being naturally
superior to the colored, in all that constitutes moral
power, the Anglo-American will be master over
the Negro, if the latter is near him.”
– Sarah Hale

“Slavery was sanctioned in the Bible, authorized, regulated, and
recognized from Genesis to Revelation. Slavery existed then in
the earliest ages, and among the chosen people of God; and
in Revelation we are told that it shall exist till the end of time
shall come. You find it in the Old and New Testaments – in
the prophecies, psalms, and the epistles of Paul; you find
it recognized – sanctioned everywhere.”
– Jefferson Davis

“Physical force, not moral suasion, governs the world. The negro
sees the driver’s lash, becomes accustomed to obedient, cheerful
industry, and is not aware that the lash is the force that impels
him. The free citizen fulfills, “con amore,” his round of social,
political and domestic duties, and never dreams that the Law, with
its fines and jails, penitentiaries and halters, or Public Opinion,
with its ostracism, its mobs, and its tar and feathers, help to
keep him revolving in his orbit. Yet, remove these physical
forces, and how many good citizens would shoot, like fiery
comets, from their spheres, and disturb society with
their eccentricities and their crimes?”
– George Fitzhugh

“Whether we have Democracy, anarchy, or despotism,
we shall not be rid of slavery till the day of the Lord.
Its existence depends not on forms of government, or
philosophical speculations, or political maneuveres,
or legislative enactments, or judicial decisions, except
as these may temporarily change its name, aspects
or conditions, or vary its locations.”
– Nathan Lord

“Does any man say that there is no use or excellence in
the speaking faculty? I hope not. That would be foolish,
impious, ungrateful toward God. But a man renders to
each thing its due value. For there is some use even in
an ass, but not so much as in an ox: there is also use in
a dog, but not so much as in a slave: there is also some
use in a slave, but not so much as in citizens: there is also
some use in citizens, but not so much as in magistrates.”
– Epicetus

“The bondage is imposed by man upon his fellow man-by the many
upon the few-by the strong upon the weak. The history of the human
race is little else than one long record of this eternal strife; and as
human slavery has always existed, who shall say that it will ever be
utterly abolished! Grant slavery to be an evil, and of what magnitude
you will: which is worse, slavery or war? If human governments
are necessary to ensure human happiness and social order,
there must be men to rule as well as subjects to be ruled;
servants to obey, as well as masters to command.”
– Unknown

“The negro must be governed, must have a master, the good of
both races demand it. It matters not who that master is, this
generation, it may be you and your children, the next it may
be another. The wheel of fortune is ever revolving, it is not
a question of property, it is a question of white supremacy,
of State Rights, of freedom from impertinent interference
of liberty to manage our own affairs; and of duty to
retain the trusts that God has given us.”
– Unknown

“It occasions no cruelty to captives; on the contrary, it is to
be doubted whether any human institution can so mitigate
the barbarities of savage warfare. Without this, there is
no hope for the captive but of death to terminate his life
of suffering; but with this, he has value. Even his savage
master, when in the vicinity of a slave market, comes
under bond to that amount to spare his life and
treat him to a good condition.”
– L.W. Spratt

“If men of unequal abilities are up for office, we elect the
best; or, if we do not, there is not one of us, not even an
abolitionist, who has the hardihood to own the fact. And
why is this, except upon the supposition that the best
should govern? And if excellence were transmissible,
how could it be in accordance with the principle of
election, that power should not be transmitted also?
The office of election is to elevate ability, and thus it
is that democracy itself bears tribute to the truth of
aristocracy. If, then, the races are unequal; if there
is no impediment to contact and co-existence; if
co-existence can only occur in relations of inequality,
and if even radical democracy itself admits that the
superiority of the best is right, there would seem
to be no further impediment to the intellectual
recognition of this form of social order.”
– L.W. Spratt

“A state of dependence is the only condition in which reciprocal
affection can exist among human beings-the only situation in
which the war of competition ceases, and peace, amity and
good will arise. A state of independence always begets more
or less of jealous rivalry and hostility. A man loves his children
because they are weak, helpless and dependent; he loves
his wife for similar reasons.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The treatment or management of slaves is a troublesome
affair; for, if not kept in hand, they are insolent, and think
that they are as good as their masters, and, if harshly
treated, they hate and conspire against them. Now
it is clear that when these are the results the citizens
of a state have not found out the secret of
managing their subject population.”
– Aristotle

“The fact is uncontrovertable, that the first mention we
have of slavery is found in the holy bible, pronounced by
a man who was perfect in his generation and walked with
God. And so far From that prediction’s being averse from
the mind of God it remains as a lasting monument of the
decree of Jehovah, to the shame and confusion of all who
have cried out against the South, in consequence
of their holding the sons of Ham in servitude!”
– Joseph Smith, Founder of Mormonism

“Man is a social and gregarious animal, and all such animals
hold property in each other. Nature imposes upon them
slavery as a law and necessity of their existence.”
– George Fitzhugh

“I want Cuba, I want Tamaulipas, Potosi, and one or two others
of the Mexican States; and I want them all for the same reason:
for the planting and spreading of slavery. I would spread the
blessing of slavery, like the religion of the Divine Master,
to the uttermost ends of the earth. Rebellious and wicked
as the Yankees have been, I would extend it even to them.”
– Albert G. Brown

“Free society! We sicken of the name. What is it but
a conglomoration of greasy mechanics, filthy operatives,
small-fisted farmers, and moon-struck theorists? All the
Northern States, and especially the New England States,
are devoid of society fitted for well-bred gentlemen.
The prevailing class one meets with is that of mechanics
struggling to be genteel, and small farmers, who do
their own drudgery ; and yet who are hardly fit for
association with a gentleman’s body servant.
That is your free society!”
– Unknown

“Some fool Negroes and white folks say they hate each
other. What do I hate the white race for because of
slavery or anything else? No, my friends, I love them
because slavery was a blessing to us all, both white
and black, for by it we were taught lessons which are
proving to be lasting blessings. The southern white
people are our best friends, and we are their best
servants. The white people of the south are the best
models for Negro manhood and womanhood; follow their
examples and you will make a mighty nation.”
– W.H. Councill

“It is just that barbarism should subserve civilization is a
laconical axiom, which decides a plain question of right
and wrong. The wrong is, that the African is a barbarian,
and devours his kind; the right is, that in his service due
and rendered to civilization, he receives its protection,
and is compelled to forego the, to him, exquisite
pleasure of devouring his kind. It will be observed
that this view of the subject justifies, not only
the perpetuation, but the inception of slavery.”
– T.W. Hoit

“Such wretches are unfit to live in civilized society, so great is their
love of licentious liberty, their hatred of law, government, morality,
and religion. They are untamable, and, like all untamable animals,
human or brute, are gradually exterminated. They are as unfitted
for slavery as North American Indians or Bengal tigers. The noblest
natures best perform the routine of duty required by law or religion,
by parents, masters, kings, or other superior authorities. We should
ever bear in mind that slavery is but a form of government, and by
far its oldest and most common form. Too much liberty is the great
evil of our age, and the vindication of slavery the best corrective of
the spirit of lawless licentiousness that threatens to subvert society.”
– George Fitzhugh

“You have turned aside, and inclined your ears to the siren
songs of countries beyond the seas until you are transformed
into beasts, and become the destroyers of your own kindred
and kind. You have joined your enemies in their false cry of
liberty a device invented for your ruin; and in your delusion
have assumed, as self-evidently true, propositions which are
as self-evidently false. You have assumed a general equality
of all the human races, and the equal adaptability of all
localities to their propagation and development. These are
both false, and in their falsity is to be found the great
volume of that disorder which has converted our States into
antagonisms, drawn the sword of the father upon the son.”
– David Quinn, 1866

“Will they voluntarily surrender their wild savage state
and consent to be brought away from their own land for a
purpose which they cannot comprehend? No; they would never
consent to leave Africa, never agree to separate themselves
from their home, barbarous and benighted as it is, upon any
inducements which could be presented to them, and the only
way discoverable to humanity by which civilization is to be
secured to the African race is the captivity of some portion
of her children; they must be sold to a foreign land
and become the property of strangers.”
– Samuel McKenney

“The loss of liberty is the price of civilization.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The woman has not the rights which make the man
free. But does this make her a slave? If it does, then
her slavery is just what her nature requires.”
– David Quinn, 1866

“What is falsely called Free Society, is a very
recent invention. It purposes to make the weak,
ignorant and poor, free, by turning them loose
in a world owned exclusively by the few.”
– George Fitzhugh

“I have no quarrel with the victor for believing and
insisting that the system he destroyed was morally
wrong, a crime, a stain upon the country. I have no
words to bandy about him finding It unprofitable,
selling out his slaves, finding it still unprofitable
to him going in to break it up. I do not think that,
that has anything to do with the matter. It was
unavoidable that the victor would think that what
he destroyed was a crime and a wrong. No actor of
that side will ever think otherwise. It may be too
early to oppose a view which is held by so many.
Indeed, one of my friends said to me recently;
“I fear that our children will grow up to abhor
of slavery and condemn us.” I have no such fear.
If it was not wrong, history will not say so.”
– H.M. Doak

“In every country where there is an approach to equality
between the races, it is in the degradation of the one, and
not the elevation of the other. If then, the condition of the
African Slave would be rendered worse by liberation, why this
mad crusade against African Slavery? The theory of universal
human freedom is the mad offspring of delusion and passion,
and not the result of enlightened reason. Slavery must expand,
with the extension of the white race, into every region congenial
to its nature, and possible for its labour. It cannot be confined to
its present limits. Dire and uncontrollable necessity will impel
the master and the slave to cut their way through every barrier
which may be thrown around it, or perish together in the attempt.
The consequences of confinement are too terrible to be borne.”
– Gov. Richard Call

“Rise, in the dignity of our Revolutionary independence, and conform our
society to the requisitions of nature at home. This, if you be wise, you will
do—you will, with some modifications of past systems, re-establish negro
slavery; and, instead of giving your country away retreating before new tides,
and beckoning for new invasions in the name of immigrations—you will re
-open the slave-trade, and bring your laborers from the coast of Africa.
Then you will have a laboring power of your own—a power which you
can transmit, with your lands, to your children—and so protect the
generations which are to follow you, against that dependence with
which the youth of the present age are sorely oppressed.”
– David Quinn, 1866

“The failure of laissez-faire, of political economy, is
admitted now by its last and lingering votary. Free
society stands condemned by the unanimous
testimony of all its enlightened members.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The slave trade, however, so far as the African was
concerned, was a blessing; it brought him from abject
slavery and a barbarian master, and sold him into a
Christian land. It brought him from a benighted region,
and placed him in one where civilization would elevate
and dignify his nature. It is a fact which history fully
establishes, that through the portal of slavery alone,
has the decendant of the graceless son of Noah ever
entered the temple of civilization. Thus has been
made manifest the inscrutable wisdom of the decree
which made him a servant of servants. The slave
trade has been the greatest source
of permanent blessing to him.”
– Jefferson Davis

“The abolition notion of the incompatibility of slavery
with equal natural rights, and with natural liberty as
one of lthose rights, is an error. Thus understood, the
Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights merely
declares, “that all men owe equal obedience to the laws
of God; that among these, are laws requiring them to live,
to pursue their happiness by proper means, and to strive
for that position in which obedience to divine law is
practicable.” Thus understood, these organic laws are
the foundation of negro slavery as it exists in the
Southern States. They embrace within their sacred
precincts all orders and conditions of our country-
men, and recognize and secure the rights of the
slave as fully and as explicitly as they
do the rights of the master.”
– Unknown

“Slavery is said to be an evil, but is not evil. On the
contrary, I believe it to be the greatest of all the great
blessings which a kind Providence has bestowed upon
our glorious region. As a class, I say it boldly; there is
not a happier, more contented race upon the face of the
earth. Lightly tasked, well clothed, well fed—far better
than the free laborers of any country in the world, their
lives and persons protected by the law, all their sufferings
alleviated by the kindest and most interested care.”
– James Henry Hammond

“What a glorious thing to man is slavery, when want, misfortune, old
age, debility and sickness overtake him. Free society, in its various
forms of insurance, in its odd-fellow and temperance societies, in
its social and communistic establishments, and in ten thousand
other ways, is vainly attempting to attain this never-failing protective,
care-taking and supporting feature of slavery. But it will blunder
and flounder on in vain. It cannot put a heart and feeling into its
societies and its corporations. God makes masters and gives
them affections, feelings and interests that secure kindness
to the sick, aged and dying slave. Man can never inspire his
ricketty institutions with those feelings, interests and affections.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Say the Abolitionists-”Man ought not to have property in man.”
What a dreary, cold, bleak, inhospitable world this would be with
such a doctrine carried into practice. Men living to themselves,
like owls and wolves and lions and birds and beasts of prey?
No: “Love thy neighbor as thyself.” And this can’t be done till
he has a property in your services as well as a place in your
heart. Homo sum, humani nihil a me alienum puto! This, the
noblest sentiment ever uttered by uninspired man, recognizes
the great truth which lies at the foundation of all society-that
every man has property in his fellow-man!”
– George Fitzhugh

“The bettered life of every human being helps to
better the life of every other human being, leads
in the direction of an ever-growing freedom of
community action. We need freedom to use our
knowledge, but we also need slavery to
prevent us from abusing freedom.”
– George J. Glover, 1955

“To the conquerors of my native State, and perhaps
to some of her sons, a large part of the following
defence will appear wholly unseasonable. A discussion
of a social order totally overthrown, and never to be
restored here, will appear as completely out of date
to them as the ribs of Noah’s ark, bleaching amidst
the eternal snows of Ararat, to his posterity, when
engaged in building the Tower of Babel. Let me distinctly
promise, that I do not dream of affecting the perverted
judgments of the great anti-slavery party which now
rules, the hour. Of course, a set of people who make
success the test of truth, as they avowedly do in this
matter, and who have been busily and triumphantly
engaged for so many years in perfecting a plain
injustice, to which they had deliberately made up
their minds, are not within the reach of reasoning.
Nothing but the hand of a retributive Providence
can avail to reach them.”
– Robert Dabney, 1867

“Liberty for the few, slavery in every form, for the mass.”
– George Fitzhugh

“In a word, the institution of domestic slavery, supersedes the
necessity of an order of nobility, and all the other appendages
of a hereditary system of government. Domestic slavery, therefore,
instead of being an evil, is the corner stone of our republican
edifice. No patriot, who justly estimates our privileges, will
tolerate the idea of emancipation at any period however remote,
or on any condition of pecuniary advantage, how ever favourable.
I would as soon think of opening a negotiation for selling the
liberties of the state at once, as for making any stipulation
for the ultimate emancipation of our slaves.”
– George M’Duffie

“Where are the young men who if left to their own will would
choose to be bound out, or apprenticed, to learn some pursuit
of life? There are but few whose inclinations would lead them
voluntarily to submit to the hard-ships and privations of the
apprenticeship state; they are placed in it by an authority
superior to their own will, and a discipline which leaves
them no choice in the matter.”
– Samuel McKenney

“The constitution, it is true, secured every essential guarantee
to the institution while it should last, and hence no argument can
be justly urged against the constitutional guarantees thus secured,
because of the common sentiment of the day. Those ideas, however,
were fundamentally wrong. They rested upon the assumption of the
equality of races. This was an error. It was a sandy foundation,
and the government built upon it fell when the “storm came and
the wind blew.” Our new government is founded upon exactly
the opposite idea; its foundations are laid, its corner-stone
rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal
to the white man; that slavery subordination to the
superior race is his natural and normal condition.”
– Alexander Stephens

“We conclude that about nineteen out of twenty individuals
have “a natural and inalienable right” to be taken care of and
protected, to have guardians, trustees, husbands or masters;
in other words they have a natural and inalienable right to
be slaves. The one in twenty are clearly born or educated
in some way fitted for command and liberty.”
– George Fitzhugh

“You transformed four millions of useful negroes into
four millions of vagabonds. Why are you thus hastening
downward? It is because you have drank of foreign ideas
until you have become frenzied, and, in an apish vanity of
foreign things, have turned your backs on advantages which
the God of nature, has, during the whole of your existence, been
arduously forcing upon you. He prepared your country for a great
purpose, brought it forth at the proper period of time, and made
it the joint recepticle of two great species of the genus man—the
one a race of masters, the other a race of subordinates or slaves.”
– David Quinn, 1866

“There never can be a perfect and permanent written constitution
of government, for all such constitutions assume to have mastered
the science of government, and to contain a truthful and perfect
programme of national conduct for future times. Children require
more of government than adults; the weak and ignorant, more
than the wise and strong; the vicious, more than the virtuous;
the idiotic and insane, more than any other class. More law
and government is needed in time of war than peace. More
when morals become corrupt and impure than when they
were virtuous. National idiosyncracies, even where there is
no inferiority of race, must regulate the amount of liberty
that may be safely allowed. Hence, no two nations can
be governed alike, nor can any one nation be governed
successfully without frequent changes in its laws and
institutions. The evils of excessive liberty, and consequent
want of protection to the weak, are the master evils and
most alarming symptoms of the times.”
– George Fitzhugh

“African slavery, as it exists in the United States,
is a moral, a social, and a political blessing.”
– Jefferson Davis

“Now the need of law and government is just in proportion to man’s wealth
and enlightenment. Barbarians and savages need and will submit to but
few and simple laws, and little of government. The love of personal liberty
and freedom from all restraint, are distinguishing traits of wild men and
wild beasts. Our Anglo-Saxon ancestors loved personal liberty because
they were barbarians, but they did not love it half so much as North
American Indians or Bengal tigers, because they were not half so
savage. As civilization advances, liberty recedes: and it is fortunate
for man that he loses his love of liberty just as fast as he becomes
more moral and intellectual.’ Such is free society, fairly portrayed;
such are the infidel doctrines of political economy, when candidly
avowed. Slavery and Christianity bring about a lasting peace, not
“a hollow truce.” We use the term free society, for want of a better;
but, like the term free government, it is an absurdity: those who
are governed are not free those who are free are not social.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Should the immediate Abolitionists ever succeed, in
bringing about such an awful result, let them beware
lest they themselves, and not the slave-holder,
may be offered up first as burnt offering,
to the Genius of Fanatacism.”
– Richard H. Colfax

“It is evident beyond all controversy, that the removal
of the Africans from the state of brutality, wretchedness,
and misery in which they are at home so deeply involved,
to this land of light, humanity, and christian
knowledge, is to them so great a blessing.”
– Theodore Parsons (1773)

“He instituted slavery from the first, as he instituted marriage
and parental authority. Profane, presumptuous, ignorant
man, in attempting to improve, has marred and defaced
the work of his Creator. Wife and children, although not
free, are relieved from care and anxiety, supported and
protected, and their situation is as happy and desirable
as that of the husband and parent. In this we see
the doings of a wise and just God.”
– George Fitzhugh

“We like social organization and subordination, and will take
them on any terms sooner than submit to the anarchy that is
running riot through the country, especially in our large cities.
The crying evil of the times in Western Europe and America
is, that the “world is TOO LITTLE governed.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Organization, closer and more compact and stringent organization,
is just what the world needs. “Constituted anarchy,” or even “anarchy
plus the street constable” can stagger on but a little longer. Nothing but
an approximation to the principle and practice of slavery throughout all the
ramifications of society can save civilized Christendom from social wreck
and chaos. The history of the last seventy years is but the history of liberty
degenerating into licentiousness. Political despotisms will not suffice. We
must reach the family, and preserve that pure for we cannot have a sound
whole formed of rotten parts. We must have masters; Catholic priests,
censors, or tything men, to watch and control the family.”
– George Fitzhugh

“You certainly have no grounds to quarrel with slavery
unless you regret being transplanted from the jungles
of Africa and your low estate there to the citizenship,
freedom and intelligence in the United States you now
enjoy, for slavery was the bridge that carried you over,
and there was not, and is not, another
bridge equal to that job.”
– R. H. Pratt

“He who denies that God made the multitude to be
directed, governed, and controlled by the few, and
that this common multitude is happier, more virtuous
and prosperous when governed, than when governing,
quarrels with the course of nature, and disputes
the wisdom and beneficence of Deity.”
– George Fitzhugh

“No wonder the abolitionists loved to quote the Declaration of
Independence! Its precepts are wholly at war with slavery and
equally at war with all government, all subordination, all order.
It is full of mendacity and error. Consider its verbose, newborn,
false and unmeaning preamble. There is, finally, no such thing
as inalienable rights. Life and liberty are not inalienable.
Jefferson in sum, was the architect of ruin, the inaugurator
of anarchy. As his Declaration of Independence Stands,
it deserves the appropriate epithets.”
– George Fitzhugh

“For a northern party to rise up demanding the rights
of white men for negroes, and usurping the common
government to enforce such a claim, is of necessity
the most stupendous crime ever attempted
by mortals since the world began.”
– Dr. John H. Van Evrie

“Is there any good reason why men should not be allowed to sell their
liberty? Is it wise, politic or humane, to prevent the man, who sees
his family starving around him, from hiring himself so as to bind his
person, even for a day, a week, or a month, to save himself and family
from death? Could the poor Irish sell themselves and families for a
term of years, to the farmers of our Northwestern States, in order to
pay their passage to this country, and secure them from want on their
arrival, would there be any thing unwise or unmerciful in the laws
which permitted it? The law did once permit it, for Virginia was in
great part settled by indented servants, and by the descendants of
girls bought up in London and sold to the planters here for wives.
Indeed, all women literally sell their liberties when they
marry, and very few repent of the bargain.”
– George Fitzhugh

“No association, no efficient combination of labor can
be effected till men give up their liberty of action and
subject themselves to a common despotic head or ruler.
This is slavery, and towards this socialism is moving.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The American institution of slavery does not depress the African,
but elevates him in the scale of social and religious being. It
does not drag him down from the condition of free-citizenship and
from membership in organized society to slavery; but it elevates
him from the condition of a nomad, a heathen, a brute, to that of
a civilized and comfortable creature, and gives to him
the priceless treasure of a saving religion.”
– Edward Pollard

“Man is naturally associative, because isolated and alone he
is helpless. The object of all associations, from States to
Temperance societies, is mutual insurance. Man does not feel
the advantage of State insurance, until he is driven to the
poor house. House insurance companies and life insurance
companies often fail; and when successful, only insure
against a class of misfortunes. The insurance of Trade
Unions, Odd Fellows, and Temperance societies, is wholly
inadequate. Slavery insurance never fails, and covers all
losses and all misfortunes. Domestic slavery is nature’s
mutual insurance society; art in vain attempts to
imitate it, or to supply its place.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The remedy suggested is very simple; chronic and complex
as the diseases are which it proposes to cure, yet that
remedy requires the poor to give up the use of stimulants.
We do not think with Lord Byron, “that man being reasonable
should get drunk.” We think, on the contrary, it is the most
irrational act in the world. But change the line a little,
and it is true: “Man being natural, will get drunk.” Any
theory of society founded on the disuse of stimulants by
the poor, is Utopian and false. Now, slavery is the only
thing in the world that can enforce temperance. The army
and navy are the only reliable temperance societies in
Great Britain. Men who have lost self-control enlist in
them to be controlled by superior authority. They often
prolong their lives thereby. Slaves, like soldiers and
sailors, are temperate, because temperance is enforced
on them. If free laborers will use too much grog and
tobacco, it proves they are not ripe for freedom.”
– George Fitzhugh

“In the natural state war supports war by enslaving
the captured. Great Caesar knew much of this and
supported his great campaigns by selling the captives.
We must bear in mind chat the political possession
which the slave-masters had in this nation was
supported by as firm a belief in the rightfulness
and natural and Divine order of slavery as in the
rightfulness of the relation of man and wife,
parents and children.”
– Unknown

“He is set free; and forthwith having no place where he can
eat, he looks for some man to flatter, some one with whom he
shall sup: then he either works with his body and endures the
most dreadful things; and if he can obtain a manger, he falls
into a slavery much worse than his former slavery; or even if
he is become rich, being a man without any knowledge of what is
good, he loves some little girl, and in his happiness laments
and desires to be a slave again. He says,”what evil did I
suffer in my state of slavery? Another clothed me, another
supplied me with shoes, another fed me, another looked
after me in sickness; and I did only a few services for
him. But now a wretched man, what things I suffer,
being a slave of many instead of to one.”
– Epicetus

“The world has not yet proved that free society is self
perpetuating. It is an experiment. Even a whole century
is a mere dot in the evolution of creation. The more
popular the Government, the more it runs to an anarchy
and degradation. Democrats are always looking for the
man on horse-back.”
– Unknown

“The husband has a legally recognized property in
his wife’s services, and may legally control,
in some measure, her personal liberty. She
is his property and his slave.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Liberty, Equality and Fraternity, culminated when the
Goddess of Reason usurped the seat and the sceptre of
Deity, and sent forth her high priests, Banton, Marat,
St. Just and Robespierre, “to deal damnation round the
land!” The demonstration was then complete. Man without
government, without order, without subordination, without
religion, without slavery in its every form, from the
prison house, the straight jacket, the army, the navy,
serfdom, up to the slavery of mere subjection to law,
without all those restraints which his peculiar wants
and capacities required, was the cruellest
and wildest beast of the field.”
– George Fitzhugh

“As an individual, I am willing to adhere to the creed of my
fathers; and, in accordance with what I deem the teachings
of that creed, I am a pro-slavery man. I believe it fully to accord
with the system of divine economy in the world, that the strong
should rule and protect the weak-else, why are they strong? I
see this rule exemplified and acted upon, though without the
affectionate kindness which should always attend it, within the
limits even of our own race; and I cannot understand why
it should not be applied to another race distinct from ours.”
– John R. McConnell

“Universal suffrage may put society: wrong side up,
but nature is all powerful, and soon brings down
the lower layer or stratum, to its true place.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Good men, are extremely averse to that degree of liberty which
law and government still leave to them. They contract marriage
and have families, and both husband and wife become almost
slaves to their children, for whom they are legally, morally, and
religiously bound to labor, take care of, and educate. Besides,
they become members of a church, and thus incur new obligations,
and further lessen their liberty. But this does not suffice; whilst
white men dislike liberty they love security, and very properly
are not satisfied with that loose and imperfect kind of security
that mere law and government afford. They labor from morn
to eve to amass property, and whilst so laboring, if not slaves,
are performing the part of slaves.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The author of the Declaration may have, and probably did mean,
that all men were created with an equal title to property. Carry out
such a doctrine, and it would subvert every government on earth.
In practice, in all ages, and in all countries, men had sold their liberty
either for short periods, for life, or hereditarily; that is, both their
own liberty and that of their children after them. The laws of all
countries have, in various forms and degrees, in all times recognised
and regulated this right to alien or sell liberty. The soldiers and
sailors of the revolution had aliened both liberty and life, the
wives in all America had aliened their liberty, so had the
apprentices and wards at the very moment this verbose,
new-born, false and unmeaning preamble was written.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The fact is, if man in the social state necessarily surrenders
a portion of his individual rights, in order to obtain greater
security and protection for the remainder, then the best form
of human government is not that which is the most lax, or which
exercises the least restraint upon the governed, or, in other
words, which offers the most freedom, but the one that secures
as much as is consistent with the actual circumstances of the
case, in short, the one which most exactly adapts and proportions
the amount of surrendered freedom, to the needed
amount of security, and protection.”
– Unknown

“The negro slavery was a blessing to what we enjoy today.
He had a price, was worth 1000$ or 2000$ and had to be
clothed and fed. He was cared for and nursed when sick
like a faithful horse. But look today. The American
laborer goes from door to door begging people to give
him a chance to earn a meal, even enough to keep the
spark of life in his almost naked body.”
– G.C. Clemons

“Among the civilized States of antiquity, the right to sell one’s
liberty, we believe, was universal. Is it not a curtailment of
liberty to deny the right? The starving poor would often think
so. To the victim of intemperance who has just recovered from
an attack of delirium tremens, such a right would be worth all
the temperance societies in the world. His enervated will can
no longer control him, and the law will not permit him to adopt
the will of another. The law thus murders thousands annually,
pretending all the while to guard and protect their rights.
The army, the navy and the merchant service are filled with
men of this description. It is the only refuge the law allows
them. Those who were fitted for liberty would not sell it,
or if in some moment of misfortune they did, they
would buy that liberty again by the exercise
of great economy and industry.”
– George Fitzhugh

“I hold that in the present state of civilization, where
two races of different origin, and distinguished by color,
and other physical differences, as well as intellectual,
are brought together, the relation now existing in the
slaveholding States between the two, is, instead
of an evil, a good-a positive good.”
– John C. Calhoun

“The submission to rule, the deprivation of liberty, is
the distinguishing trait of all tame or civilized animals;
whilst the inordinate love of liberty, and the readiness to
sacrifice everything else in order to enjoy it, is the leading
characteristic of wild races of animals, men included.”
– George Fitzhugh

“I know it has proven more a blessing than a curse because
through slavery the negro got his knowledge of agriculture,
the leading occupation of the world upon which all others
depend. Slavery did not only make the negro a agriculturist,
the occupation for which he was born, but it gives us access
to the intelligence of the world. It was advantageous to our
fathers because it taught them how to do things for themselves
and unborn generations. Let the young negro thank God for
the past days of slavery without which be would have been
left In heathenism and would be going backwards Instead
of forward and Africa would have never been redeemed.”
– G.W. Williams

“The physical condition of the American Negro is on the
whole, not comparatively alone, but positively good, and
he is exempt from those racking anxieties—the exacerbates
of despair, to which the English manufacturer and peasant
are subject to in the pursuit of their pittance.”
– Robert Walsh, 1819

“These outbreaks of society, in which “the meanest
get uppermost,” will occasionally occur. But in the
long run virtue governs vice, intelligence governs
ignorance, religion controls infidelity.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The Slave Trade is a generous disinterested exertion of
benevolence and philanthropy, which has been the principal
means of heaping wealth and honours on the Europeans and
Americans, and rescuing many millions of Africans, as brands
from the fire, and even compelling them to the enjoyment of a
more refined state of happiness, than the partiality of fate
has assigned them in their native state.”
– Unknown, 1773

“Liberty is always running to social anarchy. This is the
reason why the common instinct shudders at the terms:
Free ‘Thought, Free Inquiry, Free Trade. Besides, they
did not know the value of slavery. Not till cotton had
removed the scales from their eyes did they
realize the divine goodness of slavery.”
– Unknown

“Liberty took her flight when land became property.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slave labor, black or white, is right. Nature has
made the weak in mind and body for slaves.”
– George Fitzhugh

“A war party of Seminole Indians attacked the plantation
in my absence; caught, bound, and carried of, or killed,
forty of them, whose reluctance in going with the invaders
may be easily imagined from the following circumstance.
The wife of a young man they had tied and were driving
off, that her husband, who was too strong to be handled,
and who had his young child in his arms, might follow;
but this he absolutely refused, handing over the child
to his wife, and saying that she knew best how to take
care of it, but that his master should never say that
he was a runaway negro upon which the Indian
shot him, and he died next day.”
– Zephaniah Kingsley

“Is not the head of a large family almost always kind and
benevolent? And is not the slave-holder the head of the
largest family? Nature compels master and slave to be
friends; nature makes employers and free laborers enemies.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Expel nature with a fork, she will soon return.”
Slavery is natural and necessary, and will in some
form insinuate itself into all civilized society.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The negro’s is not human freedom, but the wild and vicious
license of the fox, the wolf or the hawk. He is, from the necessity
of his nature, a very Ishmaelite, whose hand is against every
man, and every man’s hand is against him.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Neither in writing nor in reading wilt thou be able to lay
down rules for others before thou shalt have first learned
to obey rules thyself. Much more is this so in life.
A slave thou art: free speech is not for thee.”
– Marcus Aurelius

“The Indian, like the savage races of Canaan, is doomed to extermination, and those
who most sympathize with his fate would be the first to shoot him if they lived on the
frontier-God did not direct his chosen people to exterminate all races; such as were
fit for slaves they were ordered to make slaves of. Despite the mawkish sensibility
of the age, practical men are, without the aid of immediate revelation, pursuing the
same course; they slay the Indians hip and thigh, as in the days of Moses and
Joshua, and enslave the negroes. “There is nothing new under the sun.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Not a single negro was ever reclaimed from his savage state till he
was caught, tied, tamed and domesticated like the wild ox or the wild
horse, Talk of sending missionaries to such a people! Why, millions of
missionaries have been side by side with them for four thousand
years, and none but the slave-dealer ever made a convert.”
– George Fitzhugh

“No one, black or white, has a right to liberty who abuses it to the detriment
of himself or of society. They have the right to the protection and care of
masters, but the law denies them the exercise of that right in not permitting
them to hire or sell themselves. The common notion that liberty is good for
man, is one of the most false and foolish that ever entered the human mind.
None but brutes and savages desire entire liberty.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Has the State the right to enslave them? Slavery is but a form of
government, and we have shewn it is the duty and practice of every
State to adopt the degree of control and form of government as near
as practicable to the capacity and necessity of each individual.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The enlightened citizen of New York daily feels the operation of the laws of
the Union, the laws of the State, and the laws of the corporation; he is probably
a member of a church, a club, of a Masonic society, and of a board of trade-he is
controlled in his conduct by the rules, regulations and laws of all these institutions;
besides, he is the slave of fashion, and cannot, like the savage, dress and appear
as he pleases: he has a wife and children to attend to and provide for, and all his
spare moments must be devoted to them. Does such a man enjoy one moment
of liberty? No; every moment has its appropriate duties, which he must slavishly
perform, or he is a disgraced man. It is true, his slavery is self-imposed in a great
measure. This only shows that civilized man does not desire liberty”
– George Fitzhugh

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