Pro-Slavery Quotes

Pro-Slavery Quotes

A collection of many of the best pro-slavery quotes.

“With thinking men, the question can never arise,
who ought to be free? Because no one ought to be
free. All government is slavery. The proper subject
of investigation for philosophers and philanthropists
is, “Is the existing mode of government adapted
to the wants of its subjects?”
– George Fitzhugh

“Men are not “born entitled to equal rights!”
It would be far nearer the truth to say, “that
some were born with saddles on their backs, and
others booted and spurred to ride them,”-and
the riding does them good. They need the reins,
the bit and the spur. No two men by nature are
exactly equal or exactly alike. No institutions
can prevent the few from acquiring rule
and ascendency over the many.”
– George Fitzhugh

“That some should rule and others be ruled is a thing not
only necessary, but expedient; from the hour of their birth,
some are marked out for subjection, others for rule.”
– Aristotle

“Slavery is the natural social order. Freedom is an artificial state. It is a
fight against nature, nor does emancipation by law abolish slavery, the
masses are always seeking a master. The rule of the few is the rule of
the capable it is the survival of the fittest-nature’s great law of elevation
of species. The rule of the majority upturns the natural order it puts the
bottom on top. Of all rules it is the most unnatural, irrational, incapable
and degrading. That it does not utterly destroy is because it is overruled
by the universal law, that the masses are always led by the few.”
– Unknown

“It is the duty of society to protect the weak;”
but protection cannot be efficient without the
power of control; therefore, “It is the duty of
society to enslave the weak.”
– George Fitzhugh

“When the day breaks, the time has arrived for youth to go
to their schoolmasters. Now neither sheep nor any other
animals can live without a shepherd, nor can children be
left without tutors, or slaves without masters.”
– Plato

“Who is slave, and eternally appointed to be governed; who is free,
and eternally appointed to govern. Could we entirely exclude the
slave’s vote, and admit only the heroic free man’s vote, the ultimate
New Era, and best possible condition of human affairs, had actually
come. New definitions of slavery, and of freedom. To the Free Man
belongs eternally the government of the world.”
– Thomas Carlyle

“The great object of government is to restrict, control
and punish man “in the pursuit of happiness.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Every elevation of the type “man,” has hitherto been the work of
an aristocratic society and so it will always be-a society believing in
a long scale of gradations of rank and differences of worth among
human beings, and requiring slavery in some form or other.”
– Friedrich Nietzsche

“Barbarity is not humanity, but its opposite, and the right of
the one to control the other is supported by law, founded
upon the immutable principles of justice.”
– T.W. Hoit

“It is, we believe, conceded on all hands, that men are not born
physically, morally or intellectually equal, some are males, some
females, some from birth, large, strong and healthy, others weak,
small and sickly some are naturally amiable, others prone to all
kinds of wickednesses some brave, others timid. Their natural
inequalities beget inequalities of rights. The weak in mind or
body require guidance, support and protection; they must
obey and work for those who protect and guide them they
have a natural right to guardians, committees, teachers
or masters. Nature has made them slaves.”
– George Fitzhugh

“No humane institution, in my opinion, is more manifestly
consistent with the will of God than domestic slavery. If
we look into the elements of which all political communities
are composed, it will be found that servitude in some form,
is one of the essential constituents in the very nature of
things, there must be classes of persons to discharge all the
different offices of society, from the highest to the lowest.”
– George McDuffie

“The rule of the inferior is always hurtful. The same holds
good of animals in relation to men; for tame animals have a
better nature than wild, and all tame animals are better off
when they are ruled by man; for then they are preserved.
Again, the male is by nature superior, and the female
inferior; and the one rules, and the other is ruled; this
principle, of necessity, extends to all mankind.”
– Aristotle

“Tis an historical fact, that this family association, this patriarchal
government, for purposes of defence against enemies from without,
gradually merges into larger associations of men under a common
government or ruler. This latter is the almost universal, and we
may thence infer, natural and normal condition of civilized man.
In this state of society there is no liberty for the masses. Liberty
has been exchanged by nature for security.”
– George Fitzhugh

“It is most in accordance with natural law that
the lowest should be the slave of the highest type
of Mankind. The inferior, nature has stamped on
form and feature, and on the pages of the Bible is
inscribed, for him, the decree of eternal servitude.”
– Unknown, 1872

“The Anglo-Saxon race glories in owning men, and it makes but little
difference whether the men are their dependents or their slaves; the
glory is all the same if they have got them in their power. Wealthy
corporations, railroad kings, princely planters, have dominion over
their employees and they control them at their pleasure. It is not
a dominion in law, but it is almost absolute in fact, and there is
nothing wrong about it when it is humanely exercised.”
– Bill Arp aka Charles Henry Smith

“It is not good to be without a servant in this world; but to be without
master, it appears, is a still fataller predicament for some. Without a
master, in certain cases, you become a Distressed Needlewoman, and
cannot so much as live. Happy he who has found his master, I will say;
if not a good master, then some supportable approximation to a good
one; for the worst, it appears, in some cases, is preferable to none!
Happy he who has found a master;-and now, further I will say, having
found, let him well keep him. In all human relations permanency is
what I advocate; nomadism, continual change, is what I perceive
to be prohibitory of any good whatsoever.”
– Thomas Carlyle

“The child is imperfect, and therefore obviously his virtue is not
relative to himself alone, but to the perfect man and to his teacher,
and in like manner the virtue of the slave is relative to a master.”
– Aristotle

“By what process of reasoning, then, can slavery be shown to be just?
I answer, because right holds a just and hereditary control over wrong.
I answer, that it is right that barbarism should subserve civilization. I
assert that barbarism is wrong, and civilization is right; that the former
conduces to the misery and the latter to the happiness of mankind.”
– T.W. Hoit

“The mass of mankind cannot be governed by Law. More
of despotic discretion, and less of Law, is what the world
wants. We take our leave by saying, “There is too much
of law and too little of government in this world.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slavery, whether established by law, or by law abrogated, exists
very extensively in this world, in and out of the West Indies; and,
in fact, that you cannot abolish slavery by act of parliament, but can
only abolish the name of it, which is very little! In the West Indies itself,
if you chance to abolish Slavery to Men, and in return establish Slavery
to the Devil what good is it? To save men’s bodies, and fill them with
pumpkins and rum, is a poor task for human benevolence.”
– Thomas Carlyle

“It is the duty of society to protect all its members, and it can only
do so by subjecting each to that degree of government constraint or
slavery, which will best advance the good of each and of the whole.
Thus, ambition, or the love of power, properly directed, becomes
the noblest of virtues, because power alone can enable us to be
safely benevolent to the weak, poor, or, criminal.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Heaven’s laws are not repealable by Earth, however Earth may try,-
and it has been trying hard, in some directions, of late! I say, no well
-being and in the end no being at all, will be possible for you or us, if
the law of Heaven is not complied with. And if ‘slave’ mean essentially
‘servant hired for life,’-for life, or by a contract of long continuance and
not easily dissoluble,-I ask once more, Whether, in all human things, the
‘contract of long continuance’ is not precisely the contract to be desired?”
– Thomas Carlyle

“The Bible is a pro-slavery Bible, and God is a pro-slavery
God, notwithstanding all you say to the contrary. We judge
for ourselves it is our duty to do so we are responsible to
God for the opinions we thus form, and before high heaven
we are solemnly and conscientiously convinced that slavery
is of Him, and therefore right. If right, it is not doomed;
for if God be for us, who can be against us? Its battles
are God’s, its victories will be His.”
– Rev. Ebenezer Warren

“Does slavery violate the Higher Law? Certainly not, if that
Higher Law is to be found only in the Bible. Certainly not, if
you throw aside the Bible, and infer what is right, proper, and
natural, from the course of nature, the lessons of history, or
the voice of experience. But consult the same sources for
your Higher Law, and as certainly is free society a violation
of the laws of Nature and the revealed will of God.”
– George Fitzhugh

“If slavery be a sin, it is not yours. It does not rest
on your action for its origin, on your consent for its
existence. It is a common law right to property in
the service of man; its origin was Divine decree.”
– Jefferson Davis

“Liberty is an evil which government is intended
to correct. This is the sole object of government.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The state is made up of households, before speaking of the state
we must speak of the management of the household. The parts of
household management correspond to the persons who compose
the household, and a complete household consists of slaves and
freemen. Now we should begin by examining everything in its fewest
possible elements; and the first and fewest possible parts of a family
are master and slave, husband and wife, father and children.”
– Aristotle

“The sentimental world is run mad about slavery, yet the
world never was, and never will be, free from its existence.”
– Unknown, 1872

“In all social systems there must be a class to do the menial duties,
to perform the drudgery of life. That is, a class requiring but a low
order of intellect and but little skill. Its requisites are vigor, docility,
fidelity. Such a class you must have, or you would not have that
other class which leads progress, civilization, and refinement. It
constitutes the very mud-sill of society and of political government;
and you might as well attempt to build a house in the air, as to
build either the one or the other, except on this mud-sill.”
– James Henry Hammond

“For that which can foresee by the exercise of mind
is by nature intended to be lord and master, and that
which can with its body give effect to such foresight
is a subject, and by nature a slave; hence master
and slave have the same interest.”
– Aristotle

“Slavery was sanctioned in the Bible, authorized, regulated, and
recognized from Genesis to Revelation. Slavery existed then in
the earliest ages, and among the chosen people of God; and
in Revelation we are told that it shall exist till the end of time
shall come. You find it in the Old and New Testaments – in
the prophecies, psalms, and the epistles of Paul; you find
it recognized – sanctioned everywhere.”
– Jefferson Davis

“It is as much the duty of government to take away liberty from
those who abuse it, as to confer it on those who use it properly.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The conscience of civilization is the tribunal at which to try barbarism,
as well as every other grade of inferior subjective existence. It stands
above and controls all below it. The conscience of civilization decides
both the right to summon the barbarian, and to hold him subject to its
dictates; to weigh the benefits to civilization against the evils resulting
from the adoption of the element of this super-animal force as an aid
to civilization. Civilization deciding to take and hold the barbarian, it
becomes right by the decision of the highest arbiter.”
– T.W. Hoit

“The course of human events, on every page of history, shows that
the weak, sinful, ignorant, and improvident, must ever become subject
to the provident, the virtuous, the strong in mind and body. And this is
a wise and benevolent regulation of Providence; for the government,
guidance, and protection of the strong secure the weak, and society
at large, from the consequences of the errors, vices, insolence, and
crime, in which, without such rule, they would be sure to indulge.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slavery is an established and inevitable condition to human society. I will
maintain the ground that God always intended the relation of master and
slave to exist; that Christ and the early teachers of Christianity, found slavery
differing in no material respect from American slavery, incorporated into
every department of society, that slavery having existed ever since the
first organization of society, it will exist to the end of time.”
– Gov. William G. Brownlow

“Nature herself intimates that it is just for the better to have more
than the worse, the more powerful than the weaker; and in many
ways she shows, among men as well as among animals, and
indeed among whole cities and races, that justice consists in
the superior ruling over and having more than the inferior.”
– Plato

“The lower sort are by nature slaves, and it is better for them as
for all inferiors that they should be under the rule of a master. For
he who can be, and therefore is, another’s and he who participates
in rational principle enough to apprehend, but not to have, such a
principle, is a slave by nature. Whereas the lower animals cannot
even apprehend a principle; they obey their instincts. And indeed
the use made of slaves and of tame animals is not very different;
for both with their bodies minister to the needs of life.”
– Aristotle

“Government pre-supposes that liberty is surrendered as the
price of security. The degree of government must depend on
the moral and intellectual condition of those to be governed.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Nothing is wanting but manly discussion to convince our own people
at least, that in continuing to command the services of their slaves, they
violate no law, divine or human, and that in the faithful discharge of
their reciprocal obligations lies their true duty.”
– Edgar Allan Poe

“It is not, as some would counsel, the tearing up of
the whole system of slavery, as it were, by the roots,
that will make the bondman free. The life-blood of
the Union might flow in such a struggle, but the
black man would still be, in our land, a servant.”
– Sarah Hale, 1852

“Slavery protects the infants, the aged and the sick; nay, takes far
better care of them than of the healthy, the middle-aged and the
strong. They are part of the family, and self-interest and domestic
affection combine to shelter, shield and foster them. A man loves
not only his horses and his cattle, which are useful to him, but he
loves his dog, which is of no use. He loves them because they are
his. What a wise and beneficent provision of Heaven, that makes
the selfishness of man’s nature a protecting agis to shield and
defend wife and children, slaves and even dumb animals.”
– George Fitzhugh

“If we travel back with the philosophers who refer all human institutions to
an original compact, I will still engage to find a place for slavery there. Let
it be regarded as a compact between the master and the slave, and I assert
that no saner or more just agreement was ever made working to the mutual
benefit of both and charitably inclined in favor of the weaker party. The master
exacts of the slave obedience, fidelity, and industry; and places him under
just so much restraint as insures compliance with his regulations. The slave
in return has far more certainly insured to his peace, plenty, security, and
the proper indulgence of his social propensities-freed from all care for the
present, or anxiety for the future with regard either to himself or his family.”
– James Henry Hammond

“Nature, though our greatest friend, is, at the same time, our
greatest oppressor; for she keeps us in a constant struggle for
life. We must be fed, and clothed, and sheltered, and, to be
happy, must have many other wants supplied. To secure
these we retreat into society, throw off native rights, and
continue our retreat until we find the point at which our
wants are best supplied. When we have done this, then
have we found the true measure of our civil liberty.”
– David Quinn, 1866

“Parents, husbands, guardians, teachers, committees, etc.,
are but masters under another name, whose duty it is to
protect the weak, and whose right it is to control them.”
– George Fitzhugh

“God as he is infinitely wise, just and holy never could authorize the practice
of moral evil. But God has authorized the practice of slavery, not only by bare
permission of his providence, but by the express permission of his word.”
– Samuel Dunwoody

“The master is only the master of the slave; he does not belong
to him, whereas the slave is not only the slave of his master,
but wholly belongs to him. Hence we see what is the nature
and office of a slave; he who is by nature not his own
but another’s man, is by nature a slave.”
– Aristotle

“The eternal and immovable laws fixed forever in the heart and organism of
things, can not be changed or modified by human folly, fraud, or power; and
therefore the climate, the soil, the products, and the means that the Almighty
has ordained shall be used to make them tributary to human welfare, have
their fixed and everlasting relations since time began. The brain of the white
man and the muscles of the negro, the mind ot the superior and the body of
the inferior race, in natural relation to each other, are the vital principles of
tropical civilization, without which it is as impossible that civilization should
exist in the great centre of the continent, as that vegetation should spring
from granite, or animals exist without atmospheric air.”
– Dr. John H. Van Evrie

“Whether we have Democracy, anarchy, or despotism,
we shall not be rid of slavery till the day of the Lord.
Its existence depends not on forms of government, or
philosophical speculations, or political maneuveres,
or legislative enactments, or judicial decisions, except
as these may temporarily change its name, aspects
or conditions, or vary its locations.”
– Nathan Lord

“Life and liberty” are not “inalienable;” they have been sold in all countries,
and in all ages, and must be sold so long as human nature lasts. It is an
inexpedient and unwise, and often unmerciful restraint, ona man’s liberty
of action, to deny him the right to sell himself when starving, and again to
buy himself when fortune smiles. Most countries of antiquity, and some,
like China at the present day, allowed such sale and purchase. The great
object of government is to restrict, control and punish man “in the pursuit
of happiness.” All crimes are committed in its pursuit. Under the free or
competitive system, most men’s happiness consists in destroying the
happiness of other people. This, then, is no inalienable right.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Men of outstanding intelligence naturally take command,
while those who are less intelligent but of more robust
physique, seem intended by nature to act as servants.”
– Thomas Aquinas

“We do not agree with the authors of the Declaration
of Independence, that governments “derive their just
powers from the consent of the governed.” The women,
the children, the negroes, and but few of the non-property
holders were consulted, or consented to the Revolution, or
the governments that ensued from its success. As to these,
the new governments were self-elected despotisms, and the
governing class self-elected despots. Those governments
originated in force, and have been continued by force. All
governments must originate in force, and be continued by
force. The very term, government, implies that it is carried
on against the consent of the governed.”
– George Fitzhugh

“We say that man is born free, and equal to every other man. Nothing can
be more untrue: no human being ever was, now is or ever will be born free.
Where is the freedom of an infant in swaddling clothes? No two men were
ever born equal to each other or ever will be. Are they equally strong, equally
talented, born to equal pretensions and chances? If nature has ordained
inferiority, that inferiority will tell its own story through life.”
– Thomas Cooper

“We recognize the negro as God and God’s Book and God’s
Laws, in nature, tell us to recognize him – our inferior, fitted
expressly for servitude. You cannot transform the negro
into anything one-tenth as useful or as good as what
slavery enables them to be.”
– Jefferson Davis

“Fathers do not derive their authority, as heads of families,from
the consent of wife and children, nor do they govern their families
by their consent. They never take the vote of the family as to
the labors to be performed, the moneys to be expended, or as
to anything else. Masters dare not take the vote of slaves, as
to their government.If they did, constant holiday, dissipation
and extravagance would be the result.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The condition of Southern negroes has been vastly improved
by slavery; I also assert, without fear of successful contradiction,
that slavery, only, could have worked that improvement, and that
the preservation of the relation of master and slave is essential to
the continued improvement and future welfare of the negro race
of the South. I assert that “American Slavery” is a blessing; a
blessing to the master, a blessing to the non-slave-holders of
the South, a blessing to the civilized white race in general,
and a blessing to the negro slaves in particular.”
– Gov. William G. Brownlow

“To say that slavery is the natural order. is the same as
to say that it is the divine order. Slavery is eminently
scriptural. When the old world had been washed out by
the flood, because it had gone to the bad, and only one
family was saved for seed, and all was ready to begin
right, Noah founded slavery by an inverted Messing on the
posterity of one of his three sons. This started the new
world on the right foundation. The blessings and curses
of the patriarchs were inspired judgments
and they stood for all time.”
– Unknown

“No governing class more capable than the slave-holders
ever sprang up in a Democracy. They who believe that
aristocracy is an elevating social and political relation;
that one great man does more to lift up the race than any
number of mediocrities; that the science of government is
great and demands high Intelligence, which only the few
can have; that Democracy is a leveling down, found slavery
a potent foundation for an aristocracy.”
– Unknown

“Captains of ships are not appointed by the consent of the
crew, and never take their vote, even in “doubling Cape Horn.”
If they did, the crew would generally vote to get drunk, and
the ship would never weather the cape. Not even in the most
democratic countries are soldiers governed by their consent,
nor is their vote taken on the eve of battle. They have
some how lost (or never had) the “inalienable rights
of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slavery has been the school for the savage and the degraded in
all ages, where they have learned the wisdom, the principles, the
rules furnished by experience and the discipline of older and better
taught peoples. In that school the Jews learned of the Egyptians
that which enabled them to enlighten the world. In that school our
Saxon ancestores learned the wisdom of the Norman conquerors.”
– H.M. Doak

“Frame laws as you will, the white race, being naturally
superior to the colored, in all that constitutes moral
power, the Anglo-American will be master over
the Negro, if the latter is near him.”
– Sarah Hale

“You, conservatives, North and South, must usher in,
and inaugurate this new world. Adopt the slavery principle,
vindicate the institution in the abstract, tighten the reins of
government, restrain and punish licentiousness in every
form, scout and repudiate the doctrines of let alone,
and “Pas trop gouverner,” and govern much and
rigorously. This is the new world that we want.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slavery has done more to elevate a degraded race in
the scale of humanity; to tame the savage; to civilize
the barbarous; to soften the ferocious; to enlighten the
ignorant, and to spread the blessings of Christianity
among the heathen, than all the missionaries that
philanthropy and religion have ever sent forth.”
– Chancellor William Harper

“Physical force, not moral suasion, governs the world. The negro sees the
driver’s lash, becomes accustomed to obedient, cheerful industry, and is
not aware that the lash is the force that impels him. The free citizen fulfills,
“con amore,” his round of social, political and domestic duties, and never
dreams that the Law, with its fines and jails, penitentiaries and halters, or
Public Opinion, with its ostracism, its mobs, and its tar and feathers, help
to keep him revolving in his orbit. Yet, remove these physical forces, and
how many good citizens would shoot, like fiery comets, from their spheres,
and disturb society with their eccentricities and their crimes?”
– George Fitzhugh

“Does any man say that there is no use or excellence in
the speaking faculty? I hope not. That would be foolish,
impious, ungrateful toward God. But a man renders to
each thing its due value. For there is some use even in
an ass, but not so much as in an ox: there is also use in
a dog, but not so much as in a slave: there is also some
use in a slave, but not so much as in citizens: there is also
some use in citizens, but not so much as in magistrates.”
– Epicetus

“Man is naturally a social and gregarious animal, subject, not by contract
or agreement, as Locke and his followers assume, but by birth and nature, to
those restrictions of liberty which are expedient or necessary to secure the good
of the human hive, to which he may belong. There is no such thing as natural
human liberty, because it is unnatural for man to live alone and without the pale
and government of society. Birds, and beasts of prey, who are not gregarious
are naturally free. Bees and herds are naturally subjects or slaves of society.”
– George Fitzhugh

“If it is humankind’s nature to be enslaved, government
must be humankind’s most characteristic creation.”
– Unknown

“The bondage is imposed by man upon his fellow man-by the many
upon the few-by the strong upon the weak. The history of the human
race is little else than one long record of this eternal strife; and as
human slavery has always existed, who shall say that it will ever be
utterly abolished! Grant slavery to be an evil, and of what magnitude
you will: which is worse, slavery or war? If human governments
are necessary to ensure human happiness and social order,
there must be men to rule as well as subjects to be ruled;
servants to obey, as well as masters to command.”
– Unknown

“The love of virtue is not inherent in Man, and would not of itself be sufficient to
control his appetites and passions. The true and only motive which operates the
mass of mankind; is the reward which is expected to follow a moral course of life;
which reward, consists in the facility of obtaining subsistence, the comforts, credit
and respectability, which, in civilized society, are consequent on correct conduct.
Hence, the division of Mankind into grades, and the mutual dependence and
relations which result from them, constitute the very soul of civilization; and the
more numerous these grades are in a country, the more highly civilized may we
expect to find it. It is the mutual dependence of one part of society on the other
that produces social order and the courtesies of life.”
– Edward Brown

“The negro must be governed, must have a master, the good of
both races demand it. It matters not who that master is, this
generation, it may be you and your children, the next it may
be another. The wheel of fortune is ever revolving, it is not
a question of property, it is a question of white supremacy,
of State Rights, of freedom from impertinent interference
of liberty to manage our own affairs; and of duty to
retain the trusts that God has given us.”
– Unknown

“It occasions no cruelty to captives; on the contrary, it is to
be doubted whether any human institution can so mitigate
the barbarities of savage warfare. Without this, there is
no hope for the captive but of death to terminate his life
of suffering; but with this, he has value. Even his savage
master, when in the vicinity of a slave market, comes
under bond to that amount to spare his life and
treat him to a good condition.”
– L.W. Spratt

“If men of unequal abilities are up for office, we elect the best; or, if we do not, there
is not one of us, not even an abolitionist, who has the hardihood to own the fact. And
why is this, except upon the supposition that the best should govern? And if excellence
were transmissible, how could it be in accordance with the principle of election, that
power should not be transmitted also? The office of election is to elevate ability, and
thus it is that democracy itself bears tribute to the truth of aristocracy. If, then, the races
are unequal; if there is no impediment to contact and co-existence; if co-existence can
only occur in relations of inequality, and if even radical democracy itself admits that
the superiority of the best is right, there would seem to be no further impediment to
the intellectual recognition of this form of social order.”
– L.W. Spratt

“A state of dependence is the only condition in which reciprocal
affection can exist among human beings-the only situation in
which the war of competition ceases, and peace, amity and
good will arise. A state of independence always begets more
or less of jealous rivalry and hostility. A man loves his children
because they are weak, helpless and dependent; he loves
his wife for similar reasons.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Even if it were true that the Greeks were ruined because they kept
slaves, the opposite is even more certain, that we will be destroyed by
the lack of slavery: an activity which neither the original Christians nor
the Germanic tribes found at all objectionable, let alone reprehensible.”
– Friedrich Nietzsche

“The fact is uncontrovertable, that the first mention we
have of slavery is found in the holy bible, pronounced by
a man who was perfect in his generation and walked with
God. And so far From that prediction’s being averse from
the mind of God it remains as a lasting monument of the
decree of Jehovah, to the shame and confusion of all who
have cried out against the South, in consequence
of their holding the sons of Ham in servitude!”
– Joseph Smith, Founder of Mormonism

“Man is a social and gregarious animal, and all such animals
hold property in each other. Nature imposes upon them
slavery as a law and necessity of their existence.”
– George Fitzhugh

“That providential arrangement of human affairs, in which the negro is placed
in natural juxtaposition with the white man, has resulted in the freedom of the
latter and the general well-being of both. It has been seen how a subordinate
and widely different social element in Virginia and other States, naturally gave
origin to new ideas and new modes of thought, which, thrusting aside the mental
habits and political notions brought from the Old World, naturally culminated
in the grand idea of 1776, and the establishment of a new political existence,
based on the natural, organic, and everlasting equality of the race.”
– Dr. John H. Van Evrie

“Domestic slavery contributes to form and preserve the
chivalrous and high-minded character of our people, and
gives to the African race, domesticated among us,
Christianity, civilization, and peace.”
– Unknown

“Masters, yea, and mistresses too, must have their devices how to do good
unto their servants; how to make them the servants of Christ, and the children
of God. God, whom you must remember to be “your Master in heaven,” has
brought them, and put them into your hands. Who can tell what good he has
brought them for? How if they should be the elect of God, fetched from Africa,
or the Indies, and brought into your families, on purpose, that by the means
of their being there, they may be brought home unto the Shepherd of souls!”
– Rev. Richard Baxter, 1710

“if the socialists would institute a rigorous analysis of all societies, they would
find their institutions differing in little but name; find them all of natural growth
and origin, slightly varied by time, law, and circumstances, and all intended
to control individual will and action, and to enforce the right of property of
man in his fellow man. The slavery principle is almost the only principle of
government, the distinctive feature of man’s social and dependent nature,
and the only cement that binds society together and wards off anarchy.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slavery is the natural and normal condition of the Laboring Man,
whether white or black. The great evil of Northern free society is,
that it is burdened with a servile class-mechanics and laborers, unfit
for self government, and yet clothed with the attributes and power
of citizens. Master and slave is a relation in society as necessary
as that of parent and child; and the Northern States will yet have
to introduce it. Their theory of Free Government is a delusion.”
– Unknown

“As far as human search lights have yet penetrated, into the darkness that enshrouds the
origin of nations, we see the subduers and the subdued, the plebeians and the patricians,
the chiefs who governed, and the vassals who obeyed. And there is nothing in the most
modern social developments (of these deedless days) to warrant any belief that this ancient
and natural division of human animals, into castes of superiors and inferiors, sovereigns
and serfs, can ever be dispensed with. The slave-owner’s whip cracked from the beginning
and it will crack till the day of doom. In every kingdom, republic and empire on earth,
we have (in one disguise or another) the master and the slave-the ruler and the ruled.
In the course of centuries, names alone have changed, essentials have remained the
same. Forms of royalty may alter but kings can never die. There was mastership at
the beginning, and there will be mastership to the end.”
– Arthur Desmond (Ragnard Redbeard)

“Some fool Negroes and white folks say they hate each
other. What do I hate the white race for because of
slavery or anything else? No, my friends, I love them
because slavery was a blessing to us all, both white
and black, for by it we were taught lessons which are
proving to be lasting blessings. The southern white
people are our best friends, and we are their best
servants. The white people of the south are the best
models for Negro manhood and womanhood; follow their
examples and you will make a mighty nation.”
– W.H. Councill

“How unmindful are we of the South of the blessings we enjoy and of the evils
from which we are exempt! How unwise, impolitic, and wanting in moral courage,
are we in carrying on defensive warfare against enemies, whose demoralized
and turbulent forces invite attack! How long shall we continue to apologize and
excuse ourselves to them whom we ought to assail? How long shall we tremble
at the sound of the “higher law” and “the irrepressible conflict?” Why not, at once,
boldly proclaim that we meet the issue of the “higher law,” that nature and God,
and human experience, are with us, and that this proves the “higher law” is with
us; that “the irrepressible conflict” is a war between man and nature, and that
nature is on our side; that the isms of free society are but the struggles of
expelled nature to resume her place-to restore slavery!”
– George Fitzhugh

“It is just that barbarism should subserve civilization is a
laconical axiom, which decides a plain question of right
and wrong. The wrong is, that the African is a barbarian,
and devours his kind; the right is, that in his service due
and rendered to civilization, he receives its protection,
and is compelled to forego the, to him, exquisite
pleasure of devouring his kind. It will be observed
that this view of the subject justifies, not only
the perpetuation, but the inception of slavery.”
– T.W. Hoit

“Such wretches are unfit to live in civilized society, so great is their
love of licentious liberty, their hatred of law, government, morality,
and religion. They are untamable, and, like all untamable animals,
human or brute, are gradually exterminated. They are as unfitted
for slavery as North American Indians or Bengal tigers. The noblest
natures best perform the routine of duty required by law or religion,
by parents, masters, kings, or other superior authorities. We should
ever bear in mind that slavery is but a form of government, and by
far its oldest and most common form. Too much liberty is the great
evil of our age, and the vindication of slavery the best corrective of
the spirit of lawless licentiousness that threatens to subvert society.”
– George Fitzhugh

“You have turned aside, and inclined your ears to the siren
songs of countries beyond the seas until you are transformed
into beasts, and become the destroyers of your own kindred
and kind. You have joined your enemies in their false cry of
liberty a device invented for your ruin; and in your delusion
have assumed, as self-evidently true, propositions which are
as self-evidently false. You have assumed a general equality
of all the human races, and the equal adaptability of all
localities to their propagation and development. These are
both false, and in their falsity is to be found the great
volume of that disorder which has converted our States into
antagonisms, drawn the sword of the father upon the son.”
– David Quinn, 1866

“Will they voluntarily surrender their wild savage state
and consent to be brought away from their own land for a
purpose which they cannot comprehend? No; they would never
consent to leave Africa, never agree to separate themselves
from their home, barbarous and benighted as it is, upon any
inducements which could be presented to them, and the only
way discoverable to humanity by which civilization is to be
secured to the African race is the captivity of some portion
of her children; they must be sold to a foreign land
and become the property of strangers.”
– Samuel McKenney

“Our slaves are black, of another and inferior race. The status in which we
have placed them is an elevation. They are elevated from the condition in
which God first created them, by being made our slaves. None of that race
on the whole face of the globe can be compared with the slaves of the South.
They are happy, content, unaspiring, and utterly incapable, from intellectual
weakness, ever to give us any trouble by their aspirations.”
– James Henry Hammond

“The creatures born with saddles on their backs have thrown their riders. The dogs
have escaped from the kennel. But horses and dogs need masters; they cannot
long live without them. The present governing class in Massachusetts are naturally
the lower layer of society. They are incapable of fulfilling, for any length of time, any
other offices than those belonging to that lower layer. They will soon subside into
their proper position, and be glad to get gentlemen, and conservatives, and scholars,
and Christians, to rule over them, while they “hew the wood and draw the water.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The loss of liberty is the price of civilization.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The woman has not the rights which make the man
free. But does this make her a slave? If it does, then
her slavery is just what her nature requires.”
– David Quinn, 1866

“Domestic servitude, as we define and defend it, is but civil government in one
of its forms. All government is restraint; and this is but one form of restraint.”
– Robert Dabney

“Corporal punishment is the only punishment which man can inflict on his
fellow-man, and flogging is, in most cases, the mildest, most expeditious
and efficacious mode of corporal punishment-it is an old and world-wide
institution, founded on universal experience, and approved by all authority,
human and divine. Moral suasion is a fallacy, a delusion, a humbug, except
when it is the threat and usual precursor of physical punishment?”
– George Fitzhugh

“Free society and slave society, so opposite in their characters,
cannot both be natural and rightful. To defend slavery, we must
assail and convict universal liberty; any other mode of defence
is absurd, and tacitly admits slavery to be wrong, by admitting
that free society is right.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The institution of slavery is as old as the oldest of human institutions
-is recognized by the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments-and
the right of man to hold property in his fellow man, is taught from the
opening to the close of the Bible. I might content myself with the assertion
that, even among the Hebrews, the legislation of Moses provided for the
event in which a Jew is constrained to sell himself through poverty, and to
acknowledge the right of property in him by his purchaser. I might content
myself with saying, as I now do, that Christians of undoubted piety, in
the days of Christ and the Apostles owned slaves, and their rights of
property in them were recognized by the Saviour and the Apostles.”
– Gov. William G. Brownlow

“Appropriation of the lands by individual owners begets slavery; and slavery alone begets
civilization. The mass of mankind, whether blacks or whites, must be slaves or savages. If they
prefer civilization, they have only to choose between ” hunger” and ” hickories.” The ancients
preferred hickories, the moderns like hunger best. We think, in the long run, the hickories will
carry the day, and domestic slavery, whether with blacks or whites, will be found more merciful
and more profitable than the unrestricted exploitation of skill and capital.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Free society! We sicken of the name. What is it but
a conglomoration of greasy mechanics, filthy operatives,
small-fisted farmers, and moon-struck theorists? All the
Northern States, and especially the New England States,
are devoid of society fitted for well-bred gentlemen.
The prevailing class one meets with is that of mechanics
struggling to be genteel, and small farmers, who do
their own drudgery; and yet who are hardly fit for
association with a gentleman’s body servant.
That is your free society!”
– Unknown

“I have no quarrel with the victor for believing and insisting that the
system he destroyed was morally wrong, a crime, a stain upon the
country. I have no words to bandy about him finding It unprofitable
selling out his slaves, finding it still unprofitable to him going in
to break it up. I do not think that, that has anything to do with the
matter. It was unavoidable that the victor would think that what he
destroyed was a crime and a wrong. No actor of that side will ever
think otherwise. It may be too early to oppose a view which is held
by so many. Indeed, one of my friends said to me recently; “I fear
that our children will grow up to abhor of slavery and condemn us.”
I have no such fear. If it was not wrong, history will not say so.”
– H.M. Doak

“What is falsely called Free Society, is a very
recent invention. It purposes to make the weak,
ignorant and poor, free, by turning them loose
in a world owned exclusively by the few.”
– George Fitzhugh

“We have been left without the sympathy of the nations, until we conquered that
sympathy with the edge of the sword. For “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity,” we have
imperatively substituted Slavery, Subordination, Government. Those social and
political problems that rack and torture modern society, we have undertaken to solve
for ourselves, in our own way, upon our own principles. That “among equals equality
is right”-among those who are naturally unequal equality is chaos-that there are
slave races born to serve, master races born to govern. Such are the fundamental
principles which we inherit from the ancient world, which we have lifted up in the
face of a perverse generation that has forgotten the wisdom of its fathers; by these
principles we live, and in their defense we have shown ourselves ready to die.”
– Unknown

“Is not the head of a large family almost always kind and
benevolent? And is not the slave-holder the head of the
largest family? Nature compels master and slave to be
friends; nature makes employers and free laborers enemies.”
– George Fitzhugh

“In every country where there is an approach to equality
between the races, it is in the degradation of the one, and
not the elevation of the other. If then, the condition of the
African Slave would be rendered worse by liberation, why this
mad crusade against African Slavery? The theory of universal
human freedom is the mad offspring of delusion and passion,
and not the result of enlightened reason. Slavery must expand,
with the extension of the white race, into every region congenial
to its nature, and possible for its labour. It cannot be confined to
its present limits. Dire and uncontrollable necessity will impel
the master and the slave to cut their way through every barrier
which may be thrown around it, or perish together in the attempt.
The consequences of confinement are too terrible to be borne.”
– Gov. Richard Call

“Husbands and parents have, in theory and practice, a power over their
subjects more despotic than kings; and the ignorant and vicious exercise
their power more oppressively than kings. Every man is not fit to be king,
yet all must have wives and children. Put a master over them to check
their power, and we need not resort to the unnatural remedies.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Rise, in the dignity of our Revolutionary independence, and conform our
society to the requisitions of nature at home. This, if you be wise, you will
do—you will, with some modifications of past systems, re-establish negro
slavery; and, instead of giving your country away retreating before new tides,
and beckoning for new invasions in the name of immigrations—you will re
-open the slave-trade, and bring your laborers from the coast of Africa.
Then you will have a laboring power of your own—a power which you
can transmit, with your lands, to your children—and so protect the
generations which are to follow you, against that dependence with
which the youth of the present age are sorely oppressed.”
– David Quinn, 1866

“Slavery belongs to the essence of a culture: a truth, granted,
that leaves open no doubt about the absolute value of existence.”
– Friedrich Nietzsche

“The ancient republics were governed by a small class of adult
male citizens, who assumed and exercised the government,
without the consent of the governed. The South is governed
just as those ancient republics were. In the county in which
we live, there are eighteen thousand souls, and only twelve
hundred voters. But we twelve hundred, the governors,
never asked and never intend to ask the consent of the
sixteen thousand eight hundred whom we govern.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slavery can never be abolished. The doom of Ham has
been branded on the form and features of his African
descendents. The hand of fate has united his color and
his destiny. Man cannot separate what God hath joined.”
– James Henry Hammond

“The failure of laissez-faire, of political economy, is
admitted now by its last and lingering votary. Free
society stands condemned by the unanimous
testimony of all its enlightened members.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The slave trade, however, so far as the African was
concerned, was a blessing; it brought him from abject
slavery and a barbarian master, and sold him into a
Christian land. It brought him from a benighted region,
and placed him in one where civilization would elevate
and dignify his nature. It is a fact which history fully
establishes, that through the portal of slavery alone,
has the decendant of the graceless son of Noah ever
entered the temple of civilization. Thus has been
made manifest the inscrutable wisdom of the decree
which made him a servant of servants. The slave
trade has been the greatest source
of permanent blessing to him.”
– Jefferson Davis

“The governed, by means of their very weakness and dependence, sufficiently
control their governor, for in the moral world, weakness is strength. Had God
made man entirely selfish, he never would have required of him the impossible
duty, of “loving his neighbour as himself,” or, of “doing unto others as he would
that they should do unto him.” But making him anti-selfish, as well as selfish,
these duties become of easy and natural performance, except with depraved
and wicked natures. Most men, in the ordinary relations of life, in slave
society, approach this Christian standard.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Emancipation can never give liberty. It is but the substitution of one government for another;
whether more just, more agreeable, and attended with fewer abuses, would depend less on
the formalities, of that government than on the character of those concerned-people, chiefs
and neighbors. Emancipation is a sin in many cases; it is so in most cases where those
emancipated would make progress back toward barbarism.”
– Unknown

“The abolition notion of the incompatibility of slavery with equal natural
rights, and with natural liberty as one of those rights, is an error. Thus
understood, the Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights merely
declares, “that all men owe equal obedience to the laws of God; that
among these, are laws requiring them to live, to pursue their happiness
by proper means, and to strive for that position in which obedience to
divine law is practicable.” Thus understood, these organic laws are the
foundation of negro slavery as it exists in the Southern States. They
embrace within their sacred precincts all orders and conditions of our
countrymen, and recognize and secure the rights of the slave as fully
and as explicitly as they do the rights of the master.”
– Unknown

“The free blacks who most need the control of masters, guardians, curators,
or committees are left to the enjoyment of the largest liberty. Law alone is
expected to control and regulate their conduct. We had as well publish laws
to our herds and flocks. Men to be governed by mere law, must possess
great intelligence and have acquired habits of self-control and self denial.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slavery is said to be an evil, but is not evil. On the contrary,
I believe it to be the greatest of all the great blessings which
a kind Providence has bestowed upon our glorious region. As
a class, I say it boldly; there is not a happier, more contented
race upon the face of the earth. Lightly tasked, well clothed,
well fed-far better than the free laborers of any country in the
world, their lives and persons protected by the law, all their
sufferings alleviated by the kindest and most interested care.”
– James Henry Hammond

“What a glorious thing to man is slavery, when want, misfortune, old
age, debility and sickness overtake him. Free society, in its various
forms of insurance, in its odd-fellow and temperance societies, in
its social and communistic establishments, and in ten thousand
other ways, is vainly attempting to attain this never-failing protective,
care-taking and supporting feature of slavery. But it will blunder
and flounder on in vain. It cannot put a heart and feeling into its
societies and its corporations. God makes masters and gives
them affections, feelings and interests that secure kindness
to the sick, aged and dying slave. Man can never inspire his
ricketty institutions with those feelings, interests and affections.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The prime cause, then, of slavery is sin, which brings man under
the dominion of his fellow — that which does not happen save by
the judgment of God, with whom is no unrighteousness, and who
knows how to award fit punishments to every variety of offence.”
– St. Augustine

“Say the Abolitionists-”Man ought not to have property in man.”
What a dreary, cold, bleak, inhospitable world this would be with
such a doctrine carried into practice. Men living to themselves,
like owls and wolves and lions and birds and beasts of prey?
No: “Love thy neighbor as thyself.” And this can’t be done till
he has a property in your services as well as a place in your
heart. Homo sum, humani nihil a me alienum puto! This, the
noblest sentiment ever uttered by uninspired man, recognizes
the great truth which lies at the foundation of all society-that
every man has property in his fellow-man!”
– George Fitzhugh

“The bettered life of every human being helps to
better the life of every other human being, leads
in the direction of an ever-growing freedom of
community action. We need freedom to use our
knowledge, but we also need slavery to
prevent us from abusing freedom.”
– George J. Glover, 1955

“The master having the control of the objects of his bounty, takes care that
they shall not become burdensome by their own crimes and idleness. It
is contrary to all human customs and legal analogies, that those who are
dependent, or are likely to become so, should not be controlled. The duty
of protecting the weak involves the necessity of enslaving them-hence, in
all countries, women and children, wards and apprentices, have been
essentially slaves, controlled, not by law, but by the will of a superior.”
– George Fitzhugh

“To the conquerors of my native State, and perhaps to some of her sons,
a large part of the following defence will appear wholly unseasonable. A
discussion of a social order totally overthrown, and never to be restored
here, will appear as completely out of date to them as the ribs of Noah’s
ark, bleaching amidst the eternal snows of Ararat, to his posterity, when
engaged in building the Tower of Babel. Let me distinctly promise, that I
do not dream of affecting the perverted judgments of the great anti-slavery
party which now rules, the hour. Of course, a set of people who make
success the test of truth, as they avowedly do in this matter, and who
have been busily and triumphantly engaged for so many years in
perfecting a plain injustice, to which they had deliberately made
up their minds, are not within the reach of reasoning. Nothing but
the hand of a retributive Providence can avail to reach them.”
– Robert Dabney, 1867

“Liberty for the few, slavery in every form, for the mass.”
– George Fitzhugh

“In a word, the institution of domestic slavery, supersedes the necessity of
an order of nobility, and all the other appendages of a hereditary system of
government. Domestic slavery, therefore, instead of being an evil, is the corner
stone of our republican edifice. No patriot, who justly estimates our privileges,
will tolerate the idea of emancipation at any period however remote, or on any
condition of pecuniary advantage, how ever favourable. I would as soon think
of opening a negotiation for selling the liberties of the state at once, as for
making any stipulation for the ultimate emancipation of our slaves.”
– George McDuffie

“Where are the young men who if left to their own will would
choose to be bound out, or apprenticed, to learn some pursuit
of life? There are but few whose inclinations would lead them
voluntarily to submit to the hard-ships and privations of the
apprenticeship state; they are placed in it by an authority
superior to their own will, and a discipline which leaves
them no choice in the matter.”
– Samuel McKenney

“The constitution, it is true, secured every essential guarantee
to the institution while it should last, and hence no argument can
be justly urged against the constitutional guarantees thus secured,
because of the common sentiment of the day. Those ideas, however,
were fundamentally wrong. They rested upon the assumption of the
equality of races. This was an error. It was a sandy foundation,
and the government built upon it fell when the “storm came and
the wind blew.” Our new government is founded upon exactly
the opposite idea; its foundations are laid, its corner-stone
rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal
to the white man; that slavery subordination to the
superior race is his natural and normal condition.”
– Alexander Stephens

“We conclude that about nineteen out of twenty individuals
have “a natural and inalienable right” to be taken care of and
protected, to have guardians, trustees, husbands or masters;
in other words they have a natural and inalienable right to
be slaves. The one in twenty are clearly born or educated
in some way fitted for command and liberty.”
– George Fitzhugh

“You transformed four millions of useful negroes into four millions of vagabonds.
Why are you thus hastening downward? It is because you have drank of foreign
ideas until you have become frenzied, and, in an apish vanity of foreign things,
have turned your backs on advantages which the God of nature, has, during the
whole of your existence, been arduously forcing upon you. He prepared your
country for a great purpose, brought it forth at the proper period of time, and
made it the joint recepticle of two great species of the genus man-the one a
race of masters, the other a race of subordinates or slaves.”
– David Quinn, 1866

“Is the negro made for slavery? God in heaven! what are we, that because
we cannot understand the mystery of this Thy will, we should dare rise in
rebellion and call it wrong, unjust, and evil? The kindness of nature fits each
creature to fulfil its destiny. The very virtues of the negro fit him for slavery
and his vices cry aloud for the shackles of bondage!”
– J.D.B. De Bow

“They shall be your bondmen for ever.” Servitude is the condition
of civilization. It was decreed when the command was given, Be
fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth and subdue it;” and
when it was added “In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread.”
Slavery was forced on us by necessity, and further forced upon
us by the superior authority of the mother country. I, for one,
neither deprecate nor resent the gift.”
– Chancellor William Harper

“Human experience shows the universal success of slave
society, and the universal failure of free society. The little
experiment of free society in Western Europe has been,
from the beginning, a cruel failure, and symptoms of
failure are abundant in our North. Free society, in the
long run, is an impracticable form of society; it is every
where starving, demoralized, and insurrectionary.”
– Unknown

“There never can be a perfect and permanent written constitution of government, for all
such constitutions assume to have mastered the science of government, and to contain
a truthful and perfect programme of national conduct for future times. Children require
more of government than adults; the weak and ignorant, more than the wise and strong;
the vicious, more than the virtuous; the idiotic and insane, more than any other class.
More law and government is needed in time of war than peace. More when morals
become corrupt and impure than when they were virtuous. National idiosyncracies,
even where there is no inferiority of race, must regulate the amount of liberty that
may be safely allowed. Hence, no two nations can be governed alike, nor can any
one nation be governed successfully without frequent changes in its laws and
institutions. The evils of excessive liberty, and consequent want of protection
to the weak, are the master evils and most alarming symptoms of the times.”
– George Fitzhugh

“African slavery, as it exists in the United States,
is a moral, a social, and a political blessing.”
– Jefferson Davis

“Wherever the white man can grow the products of the soil the negro is not
needed, indeed becomes an evil, but here and everywhere else the white
man-our kind, our natural brothers-should be saved from the degradation
of menial “service” by the employment of beings the Almighty Creator has
adapted to this condition, and who fills it not only without degradation, but
who is necessarily elevated by such “service.”
– Dr. John H. Van Evrie

“Now the need of law and government is just in proportion to man’s wealth and
enlightenment. Barbarians and savages need and will submit to but few and simple
laws, and little of government. The love of personal liberty and freedom from all
restraint, are distinguishing traits of wild men and wild beasts. Our Anglo-Saxon
ancestors loved personal liberty because they were barbarians, but they did not
love it half so much as North American Indians or Bengal tigers, because they were
not half so savage. As civilization advances, liberty recedes: and it is fortunate for
man that he loses his love of liberty just as fast as he becomes more moral and
intellectual.’ Such is free society, fairly portrayed; such are the infidel doctrines of
political economy, when candidly avowed. Slavery and Christianity bring about a
lasting peace, not “a hollow truce.” We use the term free society, for want of a
better; but, like the term free government, it is an absurdity: those who are
governed are not free those who are free are not social.”
– George Fitzhugh

“I want Cuba, I want Tamaulipas, Potosi, and one or two others
of the Mexican States; and I want them all for the same reason:
for the planting and spreading of slavery. I would spread the
blessing of slavery, like the religion of the Divine Master,
to the uttermost ends of the earth. Rebellious and wicked
as the Yankees have been, I would extend it even to them.”
– Albert G. Brown

“Should the immediate Abolitionists ever succeed, in bringing about such an
awful result, let them beware lest they themselves, and not the slave-holder,
may be offered up first as burnt offering, to the Genius of Fanatacism.”
– Richard H. Colfax

“It is evident beyond all controversy, that the removal of the Africans
from the state of brutality, wretchedness, and misery in which they
are at home so deeply involved, to this land of light, humanity, and
christian knowledge, is to them so great a blessing.”
– Theodore Parsons, 1773

“He instituted slavery from the first, as he instituted marriage
and parental authority. Profane, presumptuous, ignorant
man, in attempting to improve, has marred and defaced
the work of his Creator. Wife and children, although not
free, are relieved from care and anxiety, supported and
protected, and their situation is as happy and desirable
as that of the husband and parent. In this we see
the doings of a wise and just God.”
– George Fitzhugh

“If men differed from one another in the mere forms of their bodies as
much as the statues of the gods do from men, all would acknowledge
that the inferior class should be slaves of the superior. It is clear,
then, that some men are by nature free, and others slaves, and
that for these latter slavery is both expedient and right.”
– Aristotle

“We like social organization and subordination, and will take
them on any terms sooner than submit to the anarchy that is
running riot through the country, especially in our large cities.
The crying evil of the times in Western Europe and America
is, that the “world is TOO LITTLE governed.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slavery forms a vital element of the Divine Revelation to man. Its
institution, regulation, and perpetuity, constitute a part of many of the
books of the Bible. The public mind needs enlightening from the sacred
teachings of inspiration on this subject. It is necessary for ministers of
the gospel to teach slavery from the pulpit, as it was taught by the holy
men of old, who spake as moved by the Holy Spirit. Both Christianity
and slavery are from heaven; both are blessings to humanity; both
are to be perpetuated to the end of time.”
– Rev. Ebenezer Warren

“The negro has no more right to freedom from under the “dominion” or control of mankind,
than any other animal, for it is the order of the Creator, and not the order of mankind, that
the negro, as well as all other domestic animals, should be under the control of mankind.
And there will never be peace on earth until God is obeyed, and order Is restored at this
point. The cotton and cane fields, etc., and not school houses, is the creator’s appointed
position for this mere animal, this “beast of the field.”
– John C. Boal, 1902

“Organization, closer and more compact and stringent organization,
is just what the world needs. “Constituted anarchy,” or even “anarchy
plus the street constable” can stagger on but a little longer. Nothing but
an approximation to the principle and practice of slavery throughout all the
ramifications of society can save civilized Christendom from social wreck
and chaos. The history of the last seventy years is but the history of liberty
degenerating into licentiousness. Political despotisms will not suffice. We
must reach the family, and preserve that pure for we cannot have a sound
whole formed of rotten parts. We must have masters; Catholic priests,
censors, or tything men, to watch and control the family.”
– George Fitzhugh

“You certainly have no grounds to quarrel with slavery
unless you regret being transplanted from the jungles
of Africa and your low estate there to the citizenship,
freedom and intelligence in the United States you
now enjoy, for slavery was the bridge that carried
you over, and there was not, and is not,
another bridge equal to that job.”
– R.H. Pratt

“He who denies that God made the multitude to be
directed, governed, and controlled by the few, and
that this common multitude is happier, more virtuous
and prosperous when governed, than when governing,
quarrels with the course of nature, and disputes
the wisdom and beneficence of Deity.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The essential thing, however, in a good and healthy aristocracy is that it should
not regard itself as a function either of the kingship or the commonwealth, but as
the significance and highest justification thereof-that it should therefore accept with
a good conscience the sacrifice of a legion of individuals, who, for its sake, must be
suppressed and reduced to imperfect men, to slaves and instruments. Its fundamental
belief must be precisely that society is not allowed to exist for its own sake, but only as
a foundation and scaffolding, by means of which a select class of beings may be able
​to elevate themselves to their higher duties, and in general to a higher existence.”
– Friedrich Nietzsche

“No wonder the abolitionists loved to quote the Declaration of
Independence! Its precepts are wholly at war with slavery and
equally at war with all government, all subordination, all order.
It is full of mendacity and error. Consider its verbose, newborn,
false and unmeaning preamble. There is, finally, no such thing
as inalienable rights. Life and liberty are not inalienable.
Jefferson in sum, was the architect of ruin, the inaugurator
of anarchy. As his Declaration of Independence Stands,
it deserves the appropriate epithets.”
– George Fitzhugh

“For a northern party to rise up demanding the rights
of white men for negroes, and usurping the common
government to enforce such a claim, is of necessity
the most stupendous crime ever attempted
by mortals since the world began.”
– Dr. John H. Van Evrie

“Is there any good reason why men should not be allowed to sell their
liberty? Is it wise, politic or humane, to prevent the man, who sees
his family starving around him, from hiring himself so as to bind his
person, even for a day, a week, or a month, to save himself and family
from death? Could the poor Irish sell themselves and families for a
term of years, to the farmers of our Northwestern States, in order to
pay their passage to this country, and secure them from want on their
arrival, would there be any thing unwise or unmerciful in the laws
which permitted it? The law did once permit it, for Virginia was in
great part settled by indented servants, and by the descendants of
girls bought up in London and sold to the planters here for wives.
Indeed, all women literally sell their liberties when they
marry, and very few repent of the bargain.”
– George Fitzhugh

“In the order of a beneficent Providence, the ignorant and brutal
savage of Africa has been immeasurably elevated and blessed
by a means which philanthropists dencunce as “the sum of all
villainies.” The hand of God was in it, and, when the mission of
slavery was accomplished, the institution was abolished.”
– Unknown, 1880

“No association, no efficient combination of labor can
be effected till men give up their liberty of action and
subject themselves to a common despotic head or ruler.
This is slavery, and towards this socialism is moving.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The American institution of slavery does not depress the African,
but elevates him in the scale of social and religious being. It
does not drag him down from the condition of free-citizenship and
from membership in organized society to slavery; but it elevates
him from the condition of a nomad, a heathen, a brute, to that of
a civilized and comfortable creature, and gives to him
the priceless treasure of a saving religion.”
– Edward Pollard

“Man is naturally associative, because isolated and alone he
is helpless. The object of all associations, from States to
Temperance societies, is mutual insurance. Man does not feel
the advantage of State insurance, until he is driven to the
poor house. House insurance companies and life insurance
companies often fail; and when successful, only insure
against a class of misfortunes. The insurance of Trade
Unions, Odd Fellows, and Temperance societies, is wholly
inadequate. Slavery insurance never fails, and covers all
losses and all misfortunes. Domestic slavery is nature’s
mutual insurance society; art in vain attempts to
imitate it, or to supply its place.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Fortunately for the South, she found a race adapted to that purpose to her
hand. A race inferior to her own, but eminently qualified in temper, in vigor,
in docility, in capacity to stand the climate, to answer all her purposes. We
use them for our purpose, and call them slaves. We found them slaves by
the common “consent of mankind,” which, according to Cicero, “lex naturae
est.” The highest proof of what is Nature’s law.”
– James Henry Hammond

“Slavery is the only thing in the world that can enforce temperance. The
army and navy are the only reliable temperance societies in Great Britain. Men
who have lost self-control enlist in them to be controlled by superior authority.
They often prolong their lives thereby. Slaves, like soldiers and sailors, are
temperate, because temperance is enforced on them. If free laborers will
use too much grog and tobacco, it proves they are not ripe for freedom.”
– George Fitzhugh

“In the natural state war supports war by enslaving
the captured. Great Caesar knew much of this and
supported his great campaigns by selling the captives.
We must bear in mind chat the political possession
which the slave-masters had in this nation was
supported by as firm a belief in the rightfulness
and natural and Divine order of slavery as in the
rightfulness of the relation of man and wife,
parents and children.”
– Unknown

“It is scarcely necessary to appeal to the political history of the country since 1800
to demonstrate the vital importance-indeed, the measureless benefit-of what, by an
absurd perversion of terms, has been called negro slavery, to the freedom, progress,
and prosperity of the laboring and producing classes of the North, and, indeed, to all
mankind. It is seen that the existence of an inferior race-the presence of a natural sub
-stratum in the political society of the New World-has resulted in the creation of a new
political and social order, and relieved the producing classes from that abject dependence
on capital which in Europe, and especially in England, renders them mere beasts of
burthen to a fraction of-their brethren. The simple but transcendent fact, that capital
and labor are united at the South-that the planter, or so-called slaveholder, is, per
se and of necessity, the defender of the rights of the producing classes-this simple
fact is the key to our political history.”
– Dr. John H. Van Evrie

“Slave labor, black or white, is right. Nature has
made the weak in mind and body for slaves.”
– George Fitzhugh

“He is set free; and forthwith having no place where he can
eat, he looks for some man to flatter, some one with whom he
shall sup: then he either works with his body and endures the
most dreadful things; and if he can obtain a manger, he falls
into a slavery much worse than his former slavery; or even if
he is become rich, being a man without any knowledge of what is
good, he loves some little girl, and in his happiness laments
and desires to be a slave again. He says,”what evil did I
suffer in my state of slavery? Another clothed me, another
supplied me with shoes, another fed me, another looked
after me in sickness; and I did only a few services for
him. But now a wretched man, what things I suffer,
being a slave of many instead of to one.”
– Epicetus

“The world has not yet proved that free society is self
perpetuating. It is an experiment. Even a whole century
is a mere dot in the evolution of creation. The more
popular the Government, the more it runs to an anarchy
and degradation. Democrats are always looking for the
man on horse-back.”
– Unknown

“The husband has a legally recognized property in
his wife’s services, and may legally control,
in some measure, her personal liberty. She
is his property and his slave.”
– George Fitzhugh

“They go about quoting Thomas Jefferson who said that “all men were born free and
equal”-Well, I reckon they are, but they don’t stay so long, and it never was intended
they should. An infant is powerful free and can squeal and kick around and keep a
whole household in confusion, but by the time the little chap begins to wear breeches
he finds out he belongs to somebody, and his freedom is not worth a cent. His inequality
begins sooner than his lack of freedom, for one child Is not as smart as another, nor
as pretty nor as healthy, and can’t get as good food nor as pure air nor as fine clothes.
As the children grow up to manhood the inequality increases, and so there are kings
and subjects and princes and paupers, and the rich and great are mixed up with the
hewers of wood and drawers of water. It has always been so and always will.”
– Bill Arp aka Charles Henry Smith

“Man without government, without order, without subordination, without
religion, without slavery in its every form, from the prison house, the
straight jacket, the army, the navy, serfdom, up to the slavery of mere
subjection to law, without all those restraints which his peculiar wants
and capacities required, was the cruelest and wildest beast of the field.”
– George Fitzhugh

“As an individual, I am willing to adhere to the creed of my
fathers; and, in accordance with what I deem the teachings
of that creed, I am a pro-slavery man. I believe it fully to accord
with the system of divine economy in the world, that the strong
should rule and protect the weak-else, why are they strong? I
see this rule exemplified and acted upon, though without the
affectionate kindness which should always attend it, within the
limits even of our own race; and I cannot understand why
it should not be applied to another race distinct from ours.”
– John R. McConnell

“Universal suffrage may put society: wrong side up,
but nature is all powerful, and soon brings down
the lower layer or stratum, to its true place.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Look at the state of the laborers in what is called freedom. Everywhere they
are at war with their own subsistence. They are governed absolutely by a
majority of themselves in their unions. Think of subjecting one’s iivelihood
and chance of getting on by superior capacity and energy, to a majority! The
conflict between labor and capital is irrepressible. Does not its present state,
and the way it is destroying both labor and capital, give strong support to
those bold economists of the South who said that the only harmonious
relation of capital and labor is that capital shall own the laborer?”
– Unknown

“As a race, the African is inferior to the white man. Subordination to
the white man is his normal condition. He is not his equal by nature
and cannot be made so by human laws or human institutions. Our
system, therefore, so far as regards this inferior race, rests upon
this great immutable law of nature.”
– Alexander Stephens

“Good men, are extremely averse to that degree of liberty which
law and government still leave to them. They contract marriage
and have families, and both husband and wife become almost
slaves to their children, for whom they are legally, morally, and
religiously bound to labor, take care of, and educate. Besides,
they become members of a church, and thus incur new obligations,
and further lessen their liberty. But this does not suffice; whilst
white men dislike liberty they love security, and very properly
are not satisfied with that loose and imperfect kind of security
that mere law and government afford. They labor from morn
to eve to amass property, and whilst so laboring, if not slaves,
are performing the part of slaves.”
– George Fitzhugh

“From the ‘sacrament of marriage’ downwards, human beings used to be manifoldly
related one to another, and each to all; and there was no relation among human beings,
just or unjust, that had not its grievances and its difficulties, its necessities on both sides
to bear and forbear. But henceforth, be it known, we have changed all that by favor of
Heaven; the ‘voluntary principle’ has come up, which will itself do the business for us;
and now let a new sacrament, that of Divorce, which we call emancipation, and spout
of on our platforms, be universally the order of the day! Have men considered whither
all this is tending, and what it certainly enough betokens? Cut every human relation
that has any where grown uneasy sheer asunder; reduce whatsoever was compulsory
to voluntary, whatsoever was permanent among us to the condition of the nomadic;
in other words, LOOSEN BY ASSIDUOUS WEDGES, in every joint, the whole fabrice of
social existence, stone from stone, till at last, all lie now quite loose enough, it can, as
we already see in most countries, be overset by sudden outburst of revolutionary rage;
and lying as mere mountains of anarchic rubbish, solicit you to sing Fraternity over it,
and rejoice in the now remarkable era of human progress we have arrived at.”
– Thomas Carlyle

“If free society be universal, immoral, and unchristian
it must fall, and give away to slave society a social
system old as the world, universal as man.”
– Unknown

“The author of the Declaration may have, and probably did mean,
that all men were created with an equal title to property. Carry out
such a doctrine, and it would subvert every government on earth.
In practice, in all ages, and in all countries, men had sold their liberty
either for short periods, for life, or hereditarily; that is, both their
own liberty and that of their children after them. The laws of all
countries have, in various forms and degrees, in all times recognised
and regulated this right to alien or sell liberty. The soldiers and
sailors of the revolution had aliened both liberty and life, the
wives in all America had aliened their liberty, so had the
apprentices and wards at the very moment this verbose,
new-born, false and unmeaning preamble was written.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The fact is, if man in the social state necessarily surrenders a portion
of his individual rights, in order to obtain greater security and protection for
the remainder, then the best form of human government is not that which
is the most lax, or which exercises the least restraint upon the governed,
or, in other words, which offers the most freedom, but the one that secures
as much as is consistent with the actual circumstances of the case, in
short, the one which most exactly adapts and proportions the amount of
surrendered freedom, to the needed amount of security, and protection.”
– Unknown

“No one, black or white, has a right to liberty who abuses it to the detriment
of himself or of society. They have the right to the protection and care of
masters, but the law denies them the exercise of that right in not permitting
them to hire or sell themselves. The common notion that liberty is good for
man, is one of the most false and foolish that ever entered the human mind.
None but brutes and savages desire entire liberty.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Society is like an army, in which the inferior officers are as necessary as
the commander-in-chief. Demoralization and insubordination ensue if you
dispense with sergeants and corporals in an army, and the same effects result
from dispensing with guardians, masters and heads of families in society.”
– Unknown

“Not a single negro was ever reclaimed from his savage state till he
was caught, tied, tamed and domesticated like the wild ox or the wild
horse, Talk of sending missionaries to such a people! Why, millions of
missionaries have been side by side with them for four thousand
years, and none but the slave-dealer ever made a convert.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The negro slavery was a blessing to what we enjoy today.
He had a price, was worth 1000$ or 2000$ and had to be
clothed and fed. He was cared for and nursed when sick
like a faithful horse. But look today. The American
laborer goes from door to door begging people to give
him a chance to earn a meal, even enough to keep the
spark of life in his almost naked body.”
– G.C. Clemons

“Among the civilized States of antiquity, the right to sell one’s liberty, we
believe, was universal. Is it not a curtailment of liberty to deny the right?
The starving poor would often think so. To the victim of intemperance
who has just recovered from an attack of delirium tremens, such a right
would be worth all the temperance societies in the world. His enervated
will can no longer control him, and the law will not permit him to adopt
the will of another. The law thus murders thousands annually, pretending
all the while to guard and protect their rights. The army, the navy and
the merchant service are filled with men of this description. It is the only
refuge the law allows them. Those who were fitted for liberty would not
sell it, or if in some moment of misfortune they did, they would buy that
liberty again by the exercise of great economy and industry.”
– George Fitzhugh

“I hold that in the present state of civilization, where
two races of different origin, and distinguished by color,
and other physical differences, as well as intellectual,
are brought together, the relation now existing in the
slaveholding States between the two, is, instead
of an evil, a good-a positive good.”
– John C. Calhoun

“The submission to rule, the deprivation of liberty, is
the distinguishing trait of all tame or civilized animals;
whilst the inordinate love of liberty, and the readiness to
sacrifice everything else in order to enjoy it, is the leading
characteristic of wild races of animals, men included.”
– George Fitzhugh

“I know it has proven more a blessing than a curse because
through slavery the negro got his knowledge of agriculture,
the leading occupation of the world upon which all others
depend. Slavery did not only make the negro a agriculturist,
the occupation for which he was born, but it gives us access
to the intelligence of the world. It was advantageous to our
fathers because it taught them how to do things for themselves
and unborn generations. Let the young negro thank God for
the past days of slavery without which be would have been
left In heathenism and would be going backwards Instead
of forward and Africa would have never been redeemed.”
– G.W. Williams

“Expel nature with a fork, she will soon return.”
Slavery is natural and necessary, and will in some
form insinuate itself into all civilized society.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The physical condition of the American Negro is on the
whole, not comparatively alone, but positively good, and
he is exempt from those racking anxieties—the exacerbates
of despair, to which the English manufacturer and peasant
are subject to in the pursuit of their pittance.”
– Robert Walsh, 1819

“These outbreaks of society, in which “the meanest
get uppermost,” will occasionally occur. But in the
long run virtue governs vice, intelligence governs
ignorance, religion controls infidelity.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The Slave Trade is a generous disinterested exertion of
benevolence and philanthropy, which has been the principal
means of heaping wealth and honours on the Europeans and
Americans, and rescuing many millions of Africans, as brands
from the fire, and even compelling them to the enjoyment of a
more refined state of happiness, than the partiality of fate
has assigned them in their native state.”
– Unknown, 1773

“Has the State the right to enslave them? Slavery is but a form of
government, and we have shewn it is the duty and practice of every
State to adopt the degree of control and form of government as near
as practicable to the capacity and necessity of each individual.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Many in the South once believed that slavery was a
moral and political evil; but that folly and delusion are
gone. We now see it in its true light, and regard it as
the most safe and stable basis for free institutions.”
– John C. Calhoun

“Let Alone” is made to usher in No-Government. North and South our danger is
the same, and our remedies, though differing in degree, must in character be the
same. “Let Alone” must be repudiated, if we would have any Government. We
must, in all sections, act upon the principle that the world is “too little governed,”
You of the North need not institute negro slavery; far less reduce white men to
the state of negro slavery. But the masses require more of protection, and the
masses and philosophers equally require more of control. Leave it to time and
circumstances to suggest the necessary legislation; but, rely upon it, “Anarchy,
plus the street constable,” wont answer any longer.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The African slave trade was the best part of slavery. It
brought the heathen here and saved their souls. “What
shall a man give in exchange for his soul?” The Africans
got the best end of the bargain. They were Christianized,
and their souls were saved in exchange for their labor
and increase. Yet it was profitable to the godliness of
the masters, and the African slave trade was the only
truly successful foreign missionary enterprise
that was ever undertaken.”
– Unknown

“Liberty is always running to social anarchy. This is the
reason why the common instinct shudders at the terms:
Free ‘Thought, Free Inquiry, Free Trade. Besides, they
did not know the value of slavery. Not till cotton had
removed the scales from their eyes did they
realize the divine goodness of slavery.”
– Unknown

“Liberty took her flight when land became property.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The substance of the wild and extravagant notions which many seem
to entertain respecting liberty is contained in that rhetorical flourish of
Mr. Jefferson, in which he says: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident;
that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator
with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and
the pursuit of happiness.’ Upon this proposition, false as it is, rests the
wild theories of liberty held by so many. We are told that men are not
only born equal, but free. The very reverse of this is true.”
– Unknown

“The negro’s is not human freedom, but the wild and vicious
license of the fox, the wolf or the hawk. He is, from the necessity
of his nature, a very Ishmaelite, whose hand is against every
man, and every man’s hand is against him.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Neither in writing nor in reading wilt thou be able to
lay down rules for others before thou shalt have first
learned to obey rules thyself. Much more is this so
in life. A slave thou art: free speech is not for thee.”
– Marcus Aurelius

“The Indian, like the savage races of Canaan, is doomed to extermination, and those
who most sympathize with his fate would be the first to shoot him if they lived on the
frontier-God did not direct his chosen people to exterminate all races; such as were
fit for slaves they were ordered to make slaves of. Despite the mawkish sensibility
of the age, practical men are, without the aid of immediate revelation, pursuing the
same course; they slay the Indians hip and thigh, as in the days of Moses and
Joshua, and enslave the negroes. “There is nothing new under the sun.”
– George Fitzhugh

“A war party of Seminole Indians attacked the plantation
in my absence; caught, bound, and carried of, or killed,
forty of them, whose reluctance in going with the invaders
may be easily imagined from the following circumstance.
The wife of a young man they had tied and were driving
off, that her husband, who was too strong to be handled,
and who had his young child in his arms, might follow;
but this he absolutely refused, handing over the child
to his wife, and saying that she knew best how to take
care of it, but that his master should never say that
he was a runaway negro upon which the Indian
shot him, and he died next day.”
– Zephaniah Kingsley

“The enlightened citizen of New York daily feels the operation of the laws of
the Union, the laws of the State, and the laws of the corporation; he is probably
a member of a church, a club, of a Masonic society, and of a board of trade-he is
controlled in his conduct by the rules, regulations and laws of all these institutions;
besides, he is the slave of fashion, and cannot, like the savage, dress and appear
as he pleases: he has a wife and children to attend to and provide for, and all his
spare moments must be devoted to them. Does such a man enjoy one moment
of liberty? No; every moment has its appropriate duties, which he must slavishly
perform, or he is a disgraced man. It is true, his slavery is self-imposed in a great
measure. This only shows that civilized man does not desire liberty.”
– George Fitzhugh

Quotes by George Fitzhugh

Christian Pro-Slavery Quotes

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