Quotes by George Fitzhugh

The most memorable or ideologically representative quotes by George Fitzhugh

“With thinking men, the question can never arise,
who ought to be free? Because no one ought to be
free. All government is slavery. The proper subject
of investigation for philosophers and philanthropists
is, “Is the existing mode of government adapted
to the wants of its subjects?”
– George Fitzhugh

“Men are not “born entitled to equal rights!”
It would be far nearer the truth to say, “that
some were born with saddles on their backs, and
others booted and spurred to ride them,”-and
the riding does them good. They need the reins,
the bit and the spur. No two men by nature are
exactly equal or exactly alike. No institutions
can prevent the few from acquiring rule
and ascendency over the many.”
– George Fitzhugh

“It is the duty of society to protect the weak;”
but protection cannot be efficient without the
power of control; therefore, “It is the duty of
society to enslave the weak.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The great object of government is to restrict, control
and punish man “in the pursuit of happiness.”
– George Fitzhugh

“It is, we believe, conceded on all hands, that men are not born
physically, morally or intellectually equal, some are males, some
females, some from birth, large, strong and healthy, others weak,
small and sickly some are naturally amiable, others prone to all
kinds of wickednesses some brave, others timid. Their natural
inequalities beget inequalities of rights. The weak in mind or
body require guidance, support and protection; they must
obey and work for those who protect and guide them they
have a natural right to guardians, committees, teachers
or masters. Nature has made them slaves.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Tis an historical fact, that this family association, this patriarchal
government, for purposes of defence against enemies from without,
gradually merges into larger associations of men under a common
government or ruler. This latter is the almost universal, and we
may thence infer, natural and normal condition of civilized man.
In this state of society there is no liberty for the masses. Liberty
has been exchanged by nature for security.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The mass of mankind cannot be governed by Law. More
of despotic discretion, and less of Law, is what the world
wants. We take our leave by saying, “There is too much
of law and too little of government in this world.”
– George Fitzhugh

“It is the duty of society to protect all its members, and it can only
do so by subjecting each to that degree of government constraint or
slavery, which will best advance the good of each and of the whole.
Thus, ambition, or the love of power, properly directed, becomes
the noblest of virtues, because power alone can enable us to be
safely benevolent to the weak, poor, or, criminal.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Does slavery violate the Higher Law? Certainly not, if that
Higher Law is to be found only in the Bible. Certainly not, if
you throw aside the Bible, and infer what is right, proper, and
natural, from the course of nature, the lessons of history, or
the voice of experience. But consult the same sources for
your Higher Law, and as certainly is free society a violation
of the laws of Nature and the revealed will of God.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Liberty is an evil which government is intended
to correct. This is the sole object of government.”
– George Fitzhugh

“It is as much the duty of government to take away liberty from
those who abuse it, as to confer it on those who use it properly.”
– George Fitzhugh
“The course of human events, on every page of history, shows that
the weak, sinful, ignorant, and improvident, must ever become subject
to the provident, the virtuous, the strong in mind and body. And this is
a wise and benevolent regulation of Providence; for the government,
guidance, and protection of the strong secure the weak, and society
at large, from the consequences of the errors, vices, insolence, and
crime, in which, without such rule, they would be sure to indulge.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Government pre-supposes that liberty is surrendered as the
price of security. The degree of government must depend on
the moral and intellectual condition of those to be governed.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slavery protects the infants, the aged and the sick; nay, takes far
better care of them than of the healthy, the middle-aged and the
strong. They are part of the family, and self-interest and domestic
affection combine to shelter, shield and foster them. A man loves
not only his horses and his cattle, which are useful to him, but he
loves his dog, which is of no use. He loves them because they are
his. What a wise and beneficent provision of Heaven, that makes
the selfishness of man’s nature a protecting agis to shield and
defend wife and children, slaves and even dumb animals.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Parents, husbands, guardians, teachers, committees, etc.,
are but masters under another name, whose duty it is to
protect the weak, and whose right it is to control them.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Life and liberty” are not “inalienable;” they have been sold in all countries,
and in all ages, and must be sold so long as human nature lasts. It is an
inexpedient and unwise, and often unmerciful restraint, ona man’s liberty
of action, to deny him the right to sell himself when starving, and again to
buy himself when fortune smiles. Most countries of antiquity, and some,
like China at the present day, allowed such sale and purchase. The great
object of government is to restrict, control and punish man “in the pursuit
of happiness.” All crimes are committed in its pursuit. Under the free or
competitive system, most men’s happiness consists in destroying the
happiness of other people. This, then, is no inalienable right.”
– George Fitzhugh

“We do not agree with the authors of the Declaration
of Independence, that governments “derive their just
powers from the consent of the governed.” The women,
the children, the negroes, and but few of the non-property
holders were consulted, or consented to the Revolution, or
the governments that ensued from its success. As to these,
the new governments were self-elected despotisms, and the
governing class self-elected despots. Those governments
originated in force, and have been continued by force. All
governments must originate in force, and be continued by
force. The very term, government, implies that it is carried
on against the consent of the governed.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Fathers do not derive their authority, as heads of families, from
the consent of wife and children, nor do they govern their families
by their consent. They never take the vote of the family as to
the labors to be performed, the moneys to be expended, or as
to anything else. Masters dare not take the vote of slaves, as
to their government. If they did, constant holiday, dissipation
and extravagance would be the result.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Captains of ships are not appointed by the consent of the
crew, and never take their vote, even in “doubling Cape Horn.”
If they did, the crew would generally vote to get drunk, and
the ship would never weather the cape. Not even in the most
democratic countries are soldiers governed by their consent,
nor is their vote taken on the eve of battle. They have
some how lost (or never had) the “inalienable rights
of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”
– George Fitzhugh

“You, conservatives, North and South, must usher in,
and inaugurate this new world. Adopt the slavery principle,
vindicate the institution in the abstract, tighten the reins of
government, restrain and punish licentiousness in every
form, scout and repudiate the doctrines of let alone,
and “Pas trop gouverner,” and govern much and
rigorously. This is the new world that we want.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Physical force, not moral suasion, governs the world. The negro sees the
driver’s lash, becomes accustomed to obedient, cheerful industry, and is
not aware that the lash is the force that impels him. The free citizen fulfills,
“con amore,” his round of social, political and domestic duties, and never
dreams that the Law, with its fines and jails, penitentiaries and halters, or
Public Opinion, with its ostracism, its mobs, and its tar and feathers, help
to keep him revolving in his orbit. Yet, remove these physical forces, and
how many good citizens would shoot, like fiery comets, from their spheres,
and disturb society with their eccentricities and their crimes?”
– George Fitzhugh

“Man is naturally a social and gregarious animal, subject, not by contract
or agreement, as Locke and his followers assume, but by birth and nature, to
those restrictions of liberty which are expedient or necessary to secure the good
of the human hive, to which he may belong. There is no such thing as natural
human liberty, because it is unnatural for man to live alone and without the pale
and government of society. Birds, and beasts of prey, who are not gregarious
are naturally free. Bees and herds are naturally subjects or slaves of society.”
– George Fitzhugh

“A state of dependence is the only condition in which reciprocal
affection can exist among human beings-the only situation in
which the war of competition ceases, and peace, amity and
good will arise. A state of independence always begets more
or less of jealous rivalry and hostility. A man loves his children
because they are weak, helpless and dependent; he loves
his wife for similar reasons.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Man is a social and gregarious animal, and all such animals
hold property in each other. Nature imposes upon them
slavery as a law and necessity of their existence.”
– George Fitzhugh

“If the socialists would institute a rigorous analysis of all societies, they would
find their institutions differing in little but name; find them all of natural growth
and origin, slightly varied by time, law, and circumstances, and all intended
to control individual will and action, and to enforce the right of property of
man in his fellow man. The slavery principle is almost the only principle of
government, the distinctive feature of man’s social and dependent nature,
and the only cement that binds society together and wards off anarchy.”
– George Fitzhugh

“How unmindful are we of the South of the blessings we enjoy and of the evils
from which we are exempt! How unwise, impolitic, and wanting in moral courage,
are we in carrying on defensive warfare against enemies, whose demoralized
and turbulent forces invite attack! How long shall we continue to apologize and
excuse ourselves to them whom we ought to assail? How long shall we tremble
at the sound of the “higher law” and “the irrepressible conflict?” Why not, at once,
boldly proclaim that we meet the issue of the “higher law,” that nature and God,
and human experience, are with us, and that this proves the “higher law” is with
us; that “the irrepressible conflict” is a war between man and nature, and that
nature is on our side; that the isms of free society are but the struggles of
expelled nature to resume her place-to restore slavery!”
– George Fitzhugh

“Such wretches are unfit to live in civilized society, so great is their
love of licentious liberty, their hatred of law, government, morality,
and religion. They are untamable, and, like all untamable animals,
human or brute, are gradually exterminated. They are as unfitted
for slavery as North American Indians or Bengal tigers. The noblest
natures best perform the routine of duty required by law or religion,
by parents, masters, kings, or other superior authorities. We should
ever bear in mind that slavery is but a form of government, and by
far its oldest and most common form. Too much liberty is the great
evil of our age, and the vindication of slavery the best corrective of
the spirit of lawless licentiousness that threatens to subvert society.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The creatures born with saddles on their backs have thrown their riders. The dogs
have escaped from the kennel. But horses and dogs need masters; they cannot
long live without them. The present governing class in Massachusetts are naturally
the lower layer of society. They are incapable of fulfilling, for any length of time, any
other offices than those belonging to that lower layer. They will soon subside into
their proper position, and be glad to get gentlemen, and conservatives, and scholars,
and Christians, to rule over them, while they “hew the wood and draw the water.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The loss of liberty is the price of civilization.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Corporal punishment is the only punishment which man can inflict on his
fellow-man, and flogging is, in most cases, the mildest, most expeditious
and efficacious mode of corporal punishment-it is an old and world-wide
institution, founded on universal experience, and approved by all authority,
human and divine. Moral suasion is a fallacy, a delusion, a humbug, except
when it is the threat and usual precursor of physical punishment?”
– George Fitzhugh

“Free society and slave society, so opposite in their characters,
cannot both be natural and rightful. To defend slavery, we must
assail and convict universal liberty; any other mode of defence
is absurd, and tacitly admits slavery to be wrong, by admitting
that free society is right.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Appropriation of the lands by individual owners begets slavery; and slavery alone begets
civilization. The mass of mankind, whether blacks or whites, must be slaves or savages. If they
prefer civilization, they have only to choose between ” hunger” and ” hickories.” The ancients
preferred hickories, the moderns like hunger best. We think, in the long run, the hickories will
carry the day, and domestic slavery, whether with blacks or whites, will be found more merciful
and more profitable than the unrestricted exploitation of skill and capital.”
– George Fitzhugh

“What is falsely called Free Society, is a very
recent invention. It purposes to make the weak,
ignorant and poor, free, by turning them loose
in a world owned exclusively by the few.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Is not the head of a large family almost always kind and
benevolent? And is not the slave-holder the head of the
largest family? Nature compels master and slave to be
friends; nature makes employers and free laborers enemies.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Husbands and parents have, in theory and practice, a power over their
subjects more despotic than kings; and the ignorant and vicious exercise
their power more oppressively than kings. Every man is not fit to be king,
yet all must have wives and children. Put a master over them to check
their power, and we need not resort to the unnatural remedies.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The ancient republics were governed by a small class of adult
male citizens, who assumed and exercised the government,
without the consent of the governed. The South is governed
just as those ancient republics were. In the county in which
we live, there are eighteen thousand souls, and only twelve
hundred voters. But we twelve hundred, the governors,
never asked and never intend to ask the consent of the
sixteen thousand eight hundred whom we govern.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The failure of laissez-faire, of political economy, is
admitted now by its last and lingering votary. Free
society stands condemned by the unanimous
testimony of all its enlightened members.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The governed, by means of their very weakness and dependence, sufficiently
control their governor, for in the moral world, weakness is strength. Had God
made man entirely selfish, he never would have required of him the impossible
duty, of “loving his neighbour as himself,” or, of “doing unto others as he would
that they should do unto him.” But making him anti-selfish, as well as selfish,
these duties become of easy and natural performance, except with depraved
and wicked natures. Most men, in the ordinary relations of life, in slave
society, approach this Christian standard.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The free blacks who most need the control of masters, guardians, curators,
or committees are left to the enjoyment of the largest liberty. Law alone is
expected to control and regulate their conduct. We had as well publish laws
to our herds and flocks. Men to be governed by mere law, must possess
great intelligence and have acquired habits of self-control and self denial.”
– George Fitzhugh

“What a glorious thing to man is slavery, when want, misfortune, old
age, debility and sickness overtake him. Free society, in its various
forms of insurance, in its odd-fellow and temperance societies, in
its social and communistic establishments, and in ten thousand
other ways, is vainly attempting to attain this never-failing protective,
care-taking and supporting feature of slavery. But it will blunder
and flounder on in vain. It cannot put a heart and feeling into its
societies and its corporations. God makes masters and gives
them affections, feelings and interests that secure kindness
to the sick, aged and dying slave. Man can never inspire his
ricketty institutions with those feelings, interests and affections.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Say the Abolitionists-”Man ought not to have property in man.”
What a dreary, cold, bleak, inhospitable world this would be with
such a doctrine carried into practice. Men living to themselves,
like owls and wolves and lions and birds and beasts of prey?
No: “Love thy neighbor as thyself.” And this can’t be done till
he has a property in your services as well as a place in your
heart. Homo sum, humani nihil a me alienum puto! This, the
noblest sentiment ever uttered by uninspired man, recognizes
the great truth which lies at the foundation of all society-that
every man has property in his fellow-man!”
– George Fitzhugh

“The master having the control of the objects of his bounty, takes care that
they shall not become burdensome by their own crimes and idleness. It
is contrary to all human customs and legal analogies, that those who are
dependent, or are likely to become so, should not be controlled. The duty
of protecting the weak involves the necessity of enslaving them-hence, in
all countries, women and children, wards and apprentices, have been
essentially slaves, controlled, not by law, but by the will of a superior.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Liberty for the few, slavery in every form, for the mass.”
– George Fitzhugh

“We conclude that about nineteen out of twenty individuals
have “a natural and inalienable right” to be taken care of and
protected, to have guardians, trustees, husbands or masters;
in other words they have a natural and inalienable right to
be slaves. The one in twenty are clearly born or educated
in some way fitted for command and liberty.”
– George Fitzhugh

“There never can be a perfect and permanent written constitution of government, for all
such constitutions assume to have mastered the science of government, and to contain
a truthful and perfect programme of national conduct for future times. Children require
more of government than adults; the weak and ignorant, more than the wise and strong;
the vicious, more than the virtuous; the idiotic and insane, more than any other class.
More law and government is needed in time of war than peace. More when morals
become corrupt and impure than when they were virtuous. National idiosyncracies,
even where there is no inferiority of race, must regulate the amount of liberty that
may be safely allowed. Hence, no two nations can be governed alike, nor can any
one nation be governed successfully without frequent changes in its laws and
institutions. The evils of excessive liberty, and consequent want of protection
to the weak, are the master evils and most alarming symptoms of the times.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Now the need of law and government is just in proportion to man’s wealth and
enlightenment. Barbarians and savages need and will submit to but few and simple
laws, and little of government. The love of personal liberty and freedom from all
restraint, are distinguishing traits of wild men and wild beasts. Our Anglo-Saxon
ancestors loved personal liberty because they were barbarians, but they did not
love it half so much as North American Indians or Bengal tigers, because they were
not half so savage. As civilization advances, liberty recedes: and it is fortunate for
man that he loses his love of liberty just as fast as he becomes more moral and
intellectual.’ Such is free society, fairly portrayed; such are the infidel doctrines of
political economy, when candidly avowed. Slavery and Christianity bring about a
lasting peace, not “a hollow truce.” We use the term free society, for want of a
better; but, like the term free government, it is an absurdity: those who are
governed are not free those who are free are not social.”
– George Fitzhugh

“He instituted slavery from the first, as he instituted marriage
and parental authority. Profane, presumptuous, ignorant
man, in attempting to improve, has marred and defaced
the work of his Creator. Wife and children, although not
free, are relieved from care and anxiety, supported and
protected, and their situation is as happy and desirable
as that of the husband and parent. In this we see
the doings of a wise and just God.”
– George Fitzhugh

“We like social organization and subordination, and will take
them on any terms sooner than submit to the anarchy that is
running riot through the country, especially in our large cities.
The crying evil of the times in Western Europe and America
is, that the “world is TOO LITTLE governed.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Organization, closer and more compact and stringent organization,
is just what the world needs. “Constituted anarchy,” or even “anarchy
plus the street constable” can stagger on but a little longer. Nothing but
an approximation to the principle and practice of slavery throughout all the
ramifications of society can save civilized Christendom from social wreck
and chaos. The history of the last seventy years is but the history of liberty
degenerating into licentiousness. Political despotisms will not suffice. We
must reach the family, and preserve that pure for we cannot have a sound
whole formed of rotten parts. We must have masters; Catholic priests,
censors, or tything men, to watch and control the family.”
– George Fitzhugh

“He who denies that God made the multitude to be
directed, governed, and controlled by the few, and
that this common multitude is happier, more virtuous
and prosperous when governed, than when governing,
quarrels with the course of nature, and disputes
the wisdom and beneficence of Deity.”
– George Fitzhugh

“No wonder the abolitionists loved to quote the Declaration of
Independence! Its precepts are wholly at war with slavery and
equally at war with all government, all subordination, all order.
It is full of mendacity and error. Consider its verbose, newborn,
false and unmeaning preamble. There is, finally, no such thing
as inalienable rights. Life and liberty are not inalienable.
Jefferson in sum, was the architect of ruin, the inaugurator
of anarchy. As his Declaration of Independence Stands,
it deserves the appropriate epithets.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Is there any good reason why men should not be allowed to sell their
liberty? Is it wise, politic or humane, to prevent the man, who sees
his family starving around him, from hiring himself so as to bind his
person, even for a day, a week, or a month, to save himself and family
from death? Could the poor Irish sell themselves and families for a
term of years, to the farmers of our Northwestern States, in order to
pay their passage to this country, and secure them from want on their
arrival, would there be any thing unwise or unmerciful in the laws
which permitted it? The law did once permit it, for Virginia was in
great part settled by indented servants, and by the descendants of
girls bought up in London and sold to the planters here for wives.
Indeed, all women literally sell their liberties when they
marry, and very few repent of the bargain.”
– George Fitzhugh

“No association, no efficient combination of labor can
be effected till men give up their liberty of action and
subject themselves to a common despotic head or ruler.
This is slavery, and towards this socialism is moving.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Man is naturally associative, because isolated and alone he
is helpless. The object of all associations, from States to
Temperance societies, is mutual insurance. Man does not feel
the advantage of State insurance, until he is driven to the
poor house. House insurance companies and life insurance
companies often fail; and when successful, only insure
against a class of misfortunes. The insurance of Trade
Unions, Odd Fellows, and Temperance societies, is wholly
inadequate. Slavery insurance never fails, and covers all
losses and all misfortunes. Domestic slavery is nature’s
mutual insurance society; art in vain attempts to
imitate it, or to supply its place.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slavery is the only thing in the world that can enforce temperance. The
army and navy are the only reliable temperance societies in Great Britain. Men
who have lost self-control enlist in them to be controlled by superior authority.
They often prolong their lives thereby. Slaves, like soldiers and sailors, are
temperate, because temperance is enforced on them. If free laborers will
use too much grog and tobacco, it proves they are not ripe for freedom.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Slave labor, black or white, is right. Nature has
made the weak in mind and body for slaves.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The husband has a legally recognized property in
his wife’s services, and may legally control,
in some measure, her personal liberty. She
is his property and his slave.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Man without government, without order, without subordination, without
religion, without slavery in its every form, from the prison house, the
straight jacket, the army, the navy, serfdom, up to the slavery of mere
subjection to law, without all those restraints which his peculiar wants
and capacities required, was the cruelest and wildest beast of the field.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Universal suffrage may put society: wrong side up,
but nature is all powerful, and soon brings down
the lower layer or stratum, to its true place.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Good men, are extremely averse to that degree of liberty which
law and government still leave to them. They contract marriage
and have families, and both husband and wife become almost
slaves to their children, for whom they are legally, morally, and
religiously bound to labor, take care of, and educate. Besides,
they become members of a church, and thus incur new obligations,
and further lessen their liberty. But this does not suffice; whilst
white men dislike liberty they love security, and very properly
are not satisfied with that loose and imperfect kind of security
that mere law and government afford. They labor from morn
to eve to amass property, and whilst so laboring, if not slaves,
are performing the part of slaves.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The author of the Declaration may have, and probably did mean,
that all men were created with an equal title to property. Carry out
such a doctrine, and it would subvert every government on earth.
In practice, in all ages, and in all countries, men had sold their liberty
either for short periods, for life, or hereditarily; that is, both their
own liberty and that of their children after them. The laws of all
countries have, in various forms and degrees, in all times recognised
and regulated this right to alien or sell liberty. The soldiers and
sailors of the revolution had aliened both liberty and life, the
wives in all America had aliened their liberty, so had the
apprentices and wards at the very moment this verbose,
new-born, false and unmeaning preamble was written.”
– George Fitzhugh

“No one, black or white, has a right to liberty who abuses it to the detriment
of himself or of society. They have the right to the protection and care of
masters, but the law denies them the exercise of that right in not permitting
them to hire or sell themselves. The common notion that liberty is good for
man, is one of the most false and foolish that ever entered the human mind.
None but brutes and savages desire entire liberty.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Not a single negro was ever reclaimed from his savage state till he
was caught, tied, tamed and domesticated like the wild ox or the wild
horse, Talk of sending missionaries to such a people! Why, millions of
missionaries have been side by side with them for four thousand
years, and none but the slave-dealer ever made a convert.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Among the civilized States of antiquity, the right to sell one’s liberty, we
believe, was universal. Is it not a curtailment of liberty to deny the right?
The starving poor would often think so. To the victim of intemperance
who has just recovered from an attack of delirium tremens, such a right
would be worth all the temperance societies in the world. His enervated
will can no longer control him, and the law will not permit him to adopt
the will of another. The law thus murders thousands annually, pretending
all the while to guard and protect their rights. The army, the navy and
the merchant service are filled with men of this description. It is the only
refuge the law allows them. Those who were fitted for liberty would not
sell it, or if in some moment of misfortune they did, they would buy that
liberty again by the exercise of great economy and industry.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The submission to rule, the deprivation of liberty, is
the distinguishing trait of all tame or civilized animals;
whilst the inordinate love of liberty, and the readiness to
sacrifice everything else in order to enjoy it, is the leading
characteristic of wild races of animals, men included.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Expel nature with a fork, she will soon return.”
Slavery is natural and necessary, and will in some
form insinuate itself into all civilized society.”
– George Fitzhugh

“These outbreaks of society, in which “the meanest
get uppermost,” will occasionally occur. But in the
long run virtue governs vice, intelligence governs
ignorance, religion controls infidelity.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Has the State the right to enslave them? Slavery is but a form of
government, and we have shewn it is the duty and practice of every
State to adopt the degree of control and form of government as near
as practicable to the capacity and necessity of each individual.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Let Alone” is made to usher in No-Government. North and South our danger is
the same, and our remedies, though differing in degree, must in character be the
same. “Let Alone” must be repudiated, if we would have any Government. We
must, in all sections, act upon the principle that the world is “too little governed,”
You of the North need not institute negro slavery; far less reduce white men to
the state of negro slavery. But the masses require more of protection, and the
masses and philosophers equally require more of control. Leave it to time and
circumstances to suggest the necessary legislation; but, rely upon it, “Anarchy,
plus the street constable,” wont answer any longer.”
– George Fitzhugh

“Liberty took her flight when land became property.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The negro’s is not human freedom, but the wild and vicious
license of the fox, the wolf or the hawk. He is, from the necessity
of his nature, a very Ishmaelite, whose hand is against every
man, and every man’s hand is against him.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The Indian, like the savage races of Canaan, is doomed to extermination, and those
who most sympathize with his fate would be the first to shoot him if they lived on the
frontier-God did not direct his chosen people to exterminate all races; such as were
fit for slaves they were ordered to make slaves of. Despite the mawkish sensibility
of the age, practical men are, without the aid of immediate revelation, pursuing the
same course; they slay the Indians hip and thigh, as in the days of Moses and
Joshua, and enslave the negroes. “There is nothing new under the sun.”
– George Fitzhugh

“The enlightened citizen of New York daily feels the operation of the laws of
the Union, the laws of the State, and the laws of the corporation; he is probably
a member of a church, a club, of a Masonic society, and of a board of trade-he is
controlled in his conduct by the rules, regulations and laws of all these institutions;
besides, he is the slave of fashion, and cannot, like the savage, dress and appear
as he pleases: he has a wife and children to attend to and provide for, and all his
spare moments must be devoted to them. Does such a man enjoy one moment
of liberty? No; every moment has its appropriate duties, which he must slavishly
perform, or he is a disgraced man. It is true, his slavery is self-imposed in a great
measure. This only shows that civilized man does not desire liberty.”
– George Fitzhugh

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